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Publications: Girard, Olivier

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Journal Article

Pollock, S., Gaoua, N., Johnston, M.J., Cooke, K., Girard, O. and Mileva, K.N. (2019) Training regimes and recovery monitoring practices of elite British swimmers. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 18 (3). pp. 577-585.

Hobbins, L., Girard, O., Gaoua, N. and Hunter, S. (2019) Acute psychophysiological responses to cyclic variation of intermittent hypoxic exposure in adults with obesity. High Altitude Medicine & Biology, 20 (3).

Ramos-Campo, D.J., Girard, O., Pérez, A. and Rubio-Arias, J.A. (2019) Additive stress of normobaric hypoxic conditioning to improve body mass loss and cardiometabolic markers in individuals with overweight or obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Physiology & Behavior, 207 . pp. 28-40.

Mtibaa, K., Zarrouk, N., Girard, O., Ryu, J.H., Hautier, C. and Racinais, S. (2019) Heat stress impairs proprioception but not running mechanics. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . In Press.

Yamaguchi, K., Kasai, N., Sumi, D., Yatsutani, H., Girard, O. and Goto, K. (2019) Muscle oxygenation during repeated double-poling sprint exercise in normobaric hypoxia and normoxia. Frontiers in Physiology, 10 .

Hobbins, L., Gaoua, N., Hunter, S. and Girard, O. (2019) Psycho-physiological responses to perceptually-regulated interval runs in hypoxia and normoxia. Physiology & Behavior, 209 .

Millet, G.P., Girard, O., Beard, A. and Brocherie, F. (2019) Repeated sprint training in hypoxia – An innovative method. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin, 2019 (5). pp. 115-122.

Girard, O., Willis, S.J., Purnelle, M., Scott, B.R.ORCID: 0000-0002-2484-4019 and Millet, G.P. (2019) Separate and combined effects of local and systemic hypoxia in resistance exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 119 (10). pp. 2313-2325.

Paradisis, G.P., Bissas, A., Pappas, P., Zacharogiannis, E., Theodorou, A. and Girard, O. (2019) Sprint mechanical differences at maximal running speed: Effects of performance level. Journal of Sports Sciences . In Press.

Girard, O., Millet, G.P, Thomson, A. and Brocherie, F. (2018) Is plantar loading altered during repeated sprints on artificial turf in international football players? Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 17 (3). pp. 359-365.

Silva, J.R., Rumpf, M.C., Hertzog, M., Castagna, C., Farooq, A., Girard, O. and Hader, K. (2018) Acute and residual soccer match-related fatigue: A systematic review and Meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 48 (3). pp. 539-583.

van der Zwaard, S., Brocherie, F., Kom, B.L.G., Millet, G. P., Deldicque, L., van der Laarse, W.J., Girard, O. and Jaspers, R.T. (2018) Adaptations in muscle oxidative capacity, fiber size, and oxygen supply capacity after repeated-sprint training in hypoxia combined with chronic hypoxic exposure. Journal of Applied Physiology, 124 (6). pp. 1403-1412.

Girard, O., Behan, F.P., Cabello-Manrique, D. and Fernandez-Fernandez, J. (2018) Badminton preferentially decreases explosive over maximal voluntary torque in both the plantar flexors and extensors. Translational Sports Medicine, 2 (1). pp. 39-46.

Billaut, F., Girard, O. and Millet, G.P. (2018) Commentaries on Viewpoint: Hypoxia could further enhance peripheral muscle adaptations to resistance training and boost W’. Journal of Applied Physiology, 124 (2). pp. 529-530.

Brechbuhl, C., Girard, O., Millet, G.P. and Schmitt, L. (2018) Differences within elite female tennis players during an incremental field test. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 50 (12). pp. 2465-2473.

Alhammoud, M., Morel, B., Girard, O., Racinais, S., Sevrez, V., Germain, A., Chamu, T. and Hautier, C. (2018) Hypoxia and fatigue impair rapid torque development of knee extensors in elite alpine skiers. Frontiers in Physiology, 9 . art. no. 962.

Girard, O., Banzet, S., Koulmann, N., Chennaoui, M., Drogou, C., Chalabi, H. and Racinais, S. (2018) Larger strength losses and muscle activation deficits in plantar flexors induced by backward downhill in reference to distance-matched forward uphill treadmill walk. European Journal of Sport Science, 18 (10). pp. 1346-1356.

Girard, O., Bishop, D.J. and Racinais, S. (2018) M-wave normalization of EMG signal to investigate heat stress and fatigue. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 21 (5). pp. 518-524.

Sanchez, A.M.J., Borrani, F., Girard, O., Perrey, S., Galbès, O. and Candau, R. (2018) Occurrence of a VO2 slow component during intermittent exercises performed at VO2peak. Science & Sports, 33 (1). e9-e17.

Oueslati, F., Girard, O. and Ahmaidi, S. (2018) Respiratory and muscle oxygenation responses to two constant-load exercise intensities. Journal of Athletic Enhancement, 7 (3).

Brocherie, F., Girard, O. and Millet, G.P. (2018) Updated analysis of changes in locomotor activities across periods in an international ice hockey game. Biology of Sport, 35 (3). pp. 261-267.

Millet, G.P., Debevec, T., Brocherie, F., Girard, O. and Pialoux, P. (2017) Commentaries on Viewpoint: Human skeletal muscle wasting in hypoxia: A matter of hypoxic dose? Journal of Applied Physiology, 122 (2). pp. 409-411.

Hauser, A., Troesch, S., Steiner, T., Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Saugy, J.J., Schmitt, L., Millet, G.P. and Wehrlin, J.P. (2017) Do male athletes with already high initial haemoglobin mass benefit from ‘live high-train low’ altitude training? Experimental Physiology, 103 (1). pp. 68-76.

Millet, G.P. and Girard, O. (2017) Editorial: High-Intensity exercise in Hypoxia: Beneficial aspects and potential drawbacks. Frontiers in Physiology, 8 .

Girard, O., Brocherie, F. and Millet, G.P. (2017) Effects of Altitude/Hypoxia on single- and multiple-sprint performance: A comprehensive review. Sports Medicine, 47 (10). pp. 1931-1949.

Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Faiss, R. and Millet, G.P. (2017) Effects of repeated-sprint training in hypoxia on Sea-Level performance: A Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, 47 (8). pp. 1651-1660.

Girard, O., Billaut, F., Christian, R.J., Bradley, P.S. and Bishop, D.J. (2017) Exercise-related sensations contribute to decrease power during repeated cycle sprints with limited influence on neural drive. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117 (11). pp. 2171-2179.

Millet, G.P., Chapman, R.F., Girard, O. and Brocherie, F. (2017) Is live high–train low altitude training relevant for elite athletes? Flawed analysis from inaccurate data. British Journal of Sports Medicine .

Brown, S., Cross, M., Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Samozino, P. and Morin, J-B (2017) Kinetic sprint asymmetries on a non-motorised treadmill in rugby union athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 38 (13). pp. 1017-1022.

Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Morin, J-B and Millet, G.P. (2017) Lower limb mechanical asymmetry during repeated treadmill sprints. Human Movement Science, 52 . pp. 203-214.

Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Morin, J-B, Racinais, S., Millet, G.P. and Périard, J.D. (2017) Mechanical alterations associated with repeated treadmill sprinting under heat stress. PLoS ONE, 12 (2).

Girard, O., Millet, G. and Micallef, J-P (2017) Mechanical alterations during 800-m Self-Paced track running. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 38 (4). pp. 314-321.

Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Morin, J-B and Millet, G.P. (2017) Mechanical alterations during interval-training treadmill runs in high-level male team-sport players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20 (1). pp. 87-91.

Hobbins, L., Hunter, S., Gaoua, N. and Girard, O. (2017) Normobaric hypoxic conditioning to maximize weight loss and ameliorate cardio-metabolic health in obese populations: A systematic review. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 313 (3). R251-R264.

Brocherie, F., Millet, G.P. and Girard, O. (2017) Psychophysiological responses to repeated-sprint training in normobaric hypoxia and normoxia. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12 (1). pp. 115-123.

Brocherie, F., Millet, G.P., D'Hulst, G., Van Thienen, R., Deldicque, L. and Girard, O. (2017) Repeated maximal-intensity hypoxic exercise superimposed to hypoxic residence boosts skeletal muscle transcriptional responses in elite team-sport athletes. Acta Physiologica, 222 (1).

Baklouti, H., Rejeb, N., Aloui, A., Jaafar, H., Ammar, A., Chtourou, H., Girard, O. and Souissi, N. (2017) Short versus long small-sided game training during Ramadan in soccer player. Physical Therapy in Sport, 24 . pp. 20-25.

Iaia, F.M., Fiorenza, M., Larghi, L., Alberti, G., Millet, G.P. and Girard, O. (2017) Short- or long-rest intervals during repeated-sprint training in soccer? PLoS ONE, 12 (2).

Di Mascio, M., Ade, J., Musham, C., Girard, O. and Bradley, P.S. (2017) Soccer-specific reactive repeated-sprint ability in elite youth soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research . In Press.

Brechbuhl, C., Girard, O., Millet, G.P. and Schmitt, L. (2017) Technical alterations during an incremental field test in elite male tennis players. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 49 (9). pp. 1917-1926.

Girard, O., Malatesta, D. and Millet, G.P. (2017) Walking in Hypoxia: An efficient treatment to lessen mechanical constraints and improve health in obese individuals? Frontiers in Physiology, 8 .

Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Faiss, R. and Millet, G.P. (2016) Altitude and team sports: Traditional methods challenged by innovative sport-specific training in hypoxia. Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Fisica y del Deporte .

Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Tomazin, K., Farooq, A. and Morin, J-B (2016) Changes in running mechanics over 100-m, 200-m and 400-m treadmill sprints. Journal of Biomechanics, 49 (9). pp. 1490-1497.

Millet, G.P., Brocherie, F., Faiss, R. and Girard, O. (2016) Clarification on altitude training. Experimental Physiology, 102 (1). pp. 130-131.

Millet, G.P., Brocherie, F. and Girard, O. (2016) Commentaries on Viewpoint: New metric for the hypoxic stimulus, not for the response. Journal of Applied Physiology, 121 (1). pp. 356-358.

Girard, O., Bula, S., Faiss, R., Brocherie, F., Millet, G.Y. and Millet, G.P. (2016) Does altitude level of a prior time-trial modify subsequent exercise performance in hypoxia and associated neuromuscular responses? Physiological Reports, 4 (14).

Oueslati, F., Girard, O., Tabka, Z. and Ahmaidi, S. (2016) Excess VO 2 during ramp exercise is positively correlated to intercostal muscles deoxyhemoglobin levels above the gas exchange threshold in young trained cyclists. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 228 . pp. 83-90.

Millet, G.P., Girard, O., Malatesta, D., Debevec, T. and Mekjavic, I.B. (2016) Exercising in hypoxia as an innovative treatment. Journal of Physiology . In Press.

Brocherie, F., Millet, G.P. and Girard, O. (2016) Heat acclimatization does/does not improve exercise performance in a cool condition: Relevance for sprint performance. Journal of Physiology . In Press.

Girard, O., Brocherie, F. and Millet, G.P. (2016) High altitude increases alteration in maximal torque but not in rapid torque development in knee extensors after repeated treadmill sprinting. Frontiers in Physiology, 7 .

Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Morin, J-B and Millet, G.P. (2016) Intrasession and intersession reliability of running mechanics during treadmill sprints. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11 (4). pp. 432-439.

Brocherie, F., Millet, G.P., Morin, J-B and Girard, O. (2016) Mechanical alterations to repeated treadmill sprints in normobaric hypoxia. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 48 (8). pp. 1570-1579.

Mohr, M., Thomassen, M., Girard, O., Racinais, S. and Nybo, L. (2016) Muscle variables of importance for physiological performance in competitive football. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116 (2). pp. 251-262.

Brechbuhl, C., Girard, O., Millet, G.P. and Schmitt, L. (2016) On the use of a test to exhaustion Specific to Tennis (TEST) with ball hitting by elite players. PLoS ONE, 11 (4).

Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Morin, J-B and Millet, G.P. (2016) Running mechanical alterations during repeated treadmill sprints in hot versus hypoxic environments. A pilot study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34 (12). pp. 1190-1198.

Millet, G.P., Debevec, T., Brocherie, F., Malatesta, D. and Girard, O. (2016) Therapeutic use of exercising in Hypoxia: Promises and limitations. Frontiers in Physiology, 7 .

Vitiello, D., Pochon, L., Malatesta, D., Girard, O., Newman, C.J. and Degache, F. (2016) Walking-induced muscle fatigue impairs postural control in adolescents with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 53-54 . pp. 11-18.

Brocherie, F., Millet, G.P., Hauser, A., Steiner, T., Wehrlin, J.P., Rysman, J. and Girard, O. (2015) Association of hematological variables with team-sport specific fitness performance. PLoS ONE, 10 (12).

Girard, O., Brocherie, F. and Millet, G.P. (2015) Can analysis of performance and neuromuscular recoveries from repeated sprints shed more light on its fatigue-causing mechanism? Frontiers in Physiology, 6 .

Fourchet, F., Girard, O., Kelly, L., Horobeanu, C. and Millet, G.P. (2015) Changes in leg spring behaviour, plantar loading and foot mobility magnitude induced by an exhaustive treadmill run in adolescent middle-distance runners. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18 (2). pp. 199-203.

Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Morin, J-B, Degache, F. and Millet, G.P. (2015) Comparison of four sections for analyzing running mechanics alterations during repeated treadmill sprints. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 31 (5). pp. 389-395.

Racinais, S., Alonso, J.M., Coutts, A.J., Flouris, A.D., Girard, O., González-Alonso, J., Hausswirth, C., Jay, O., Lee, J.K.W., Mitchell, N., Nassis, G.P., Nybo, L., Pluim, B.M., Roelands, B., Sawka, M.N., Wingo, J. and Périard, J.D. (2015) Consensus recommendations on training and competing in the heat. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49 (18). pp. 1164-1173.

Brocherie, F., Girard, O. and Millet, G. (2015) Emerging environmental and weather challenges in outdoor sports. Climate, 3 (3). pp. 492-521.

Brocherie, F., Millet, G.P., Hauser, A., Steiner, T., Wehrlin, J.P., Rysman, J. and Girard, O. (2015) Haemogoblin mass is positively correlated with sport-specific aerobic fitness, but not with repeated-sprint ability, in elite team-sport players. Acta Physiologica, 214 (S700). pp. 22-92.

Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Farooq, A. and MILLET, G.P. (2015) Influence of weather, rank, and home advantage on football outcomes in the Gulf Region. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 47 (2). pp. 401-410.

Brocherie, F., Millet, G.P., Hauser, A., Steiner, T., Rysman, J., Wehrlin, J.P. and Girard, O. (2015) “Live High–Train low and high” Hypoxic training improves Team-Sport performance. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 47 (10). pp. 2140-2149.

Brocherie, F., Millet, G.P. and Girard, O. (2015) Neuro-mechanical and metabolic adjustments to the repeated anaerobic sprint test in professional football players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 115 (5). pp. 891-903.

Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Morin, J-B and Millet, G.P. (2015) Neuro-mechanical determinants of repeated treadmill sprints - Usefulness of an “hypoxic to normoxic recovery” approach. Frontiers in Physiology, 6 .

Girard, O., Nybo, L., Mohr, M. and Racinais, S. (2015) Plantar flexor neuromuscular adjustments following match-play football in hot and cool conditions. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25 . pp. 154-163.

Girard, O., Brocherie, F. and Bishop, D.J. (2015) Sprint performance under heat stress: A review. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25 . pp. 79-89.

Girard, O. (2015) Thermoregulation in wheelchair tennis - How to manage heat stress? Frontiers in Physiology, 6 .

Racinais, S., Buchheit, M. and Girard, O. (2014) Breakpoints in ventilation, cerebral and muscle oxygenation, and muscle activity during an incremental cycling exercise. Frontiers in Physiology, 5 .

Girard, O. and Racinais, S. (2014) Combining heat stress and moderate hypoxia reduces cycling time to exhaustion without modifying neuromuscular fatigue characteristics. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114 (7). pp. 1521-1532.

Périard, J.D., Racinais, S., Knez, W.L., Herrera, C.P., Christian, R.J. and Girard, O. (2014) Coping with heat stress during match-play tennis: Does an individualised hydration regimen enhance performance and recovery? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 (Suppl 1). i64-i70.

Knez, W., Girard, O., Racinais, S., Walsh, A., Gaoua, N. and Grantham, J. (2014) Does living and working in a hot environment induce clinically relevant changes in immune function and voluntary force production capacity? Industrial Health, 52 (3). pp. 235-239.

Girard, O., Christian, R.J., Racinais, S. and Périard, J.D. (2014) Heat stress does not exacerbate tennis-induced alterations in physical performance. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 (Suppl 1). i39-i44.

Périard, J.D., Girard, O. and Racinais, S. (2014) Neuromuscular adjustments of the knee extensors and plantar flexors following match-play tennis in the heat. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 (Suppl 1). i45-i51.

Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Pezzoli, A. and Millet, G.P. (2014) Outdoor exercise performance in ambient heat: Time to overcome challenging factors? International Journal of Hyperthermia, 30 (8). pp. 547-549.

Christian, R.J., Bishop, D.J., Billaut, F. and Girard, O. (2014) Peripheral fatigue is not critically regulated during maximal, intermittent, dynamic leg extensions. Journal of Applied Physiology, 117 (9). pp. 1063-1073.

Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Forchino, F., Al Haddad, H., Dos Santos, G.A. and Millet, G.P. (2014) Relationships between anthropometric measures and athletic performance, with special reference to repeated-sprint ability, in the Qatar national soccer team. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32 (13). pp. 1243-1254.

Girard, O., Racinais, S. and Périard, J.D. (2014) Tennis in hot and cool conditions decreases the rapid muscle torque production capacity of the knee extensors but not of the plantar flexors. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 (Suppl 1). i52-i58.

Périard, J.D., Racinais, S., Knez, W.L., Herrera, C.P., Christian, R.J. and Girard, O. (2014) Thermal, physiological and perceptual strain mediate alterations in match-play tennis under heat stress. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 (Suppl 1). i32-i38.

Christian, R.J., Bishop, D.J., Billaut, F. and Girard, O. (2014) The role of sense of effort on self-selected cycling power output. Frontiers in Physiology, 5 .

Faiss, R., Girard, O. and Millet, G.P. (2013) Advancing hypoxic training in team sports: From intermittent hypoxic training to repeated sprint training in hypoxia: Table 1. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47 (Suppl 1). i45-i50.

Banzet, S., Chennaoui, M., Girard, O., Racinais, S., Drogou, C., Chalabi, H. and Koulmann, N. (2013) Changes in circulating microRNAs levels with exercise modality. Journal of Applied Physiology, 115 (9). pp. 1237-1244.

Girard, O., Millet, G., Slawinski, J., Racinais, S. and Micallef, J. (2013) Changes in running mechanics and Spring-Mass behaviour during a 5-km time trial. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34 (9). pp. 832-840.

Girard, O. and Chalabi, H. (2013) Could altitude training benefit team-sport athletes? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47 (Suppl 1). i4-i5.

Bishop, D.J. and Girard, O. (2013) Determinants of team-sport performance: Implications for altitude training by team-sport athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47 (Suppl 1). i17-i21.

Girard, O., Bishop, D.J. and Racinais, S. (2013) Hot conditions improve power output during repeated cycling sprints without modifying neuromuscular fatigue characteristics. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113 (2). pp. 359-369.

Millet, G.P., Faiss, R., Brocherie, F. and Girard, O. (2013) Hypoxic training and team sports: A challenge to traditional methods? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47 (Suppl 1). i6-i7.

Girard, O. and Pluim, B.M. (2013) Improving team-sport player’s physical performance with altitude training: from beliefs to scientific evidence. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47 (Suppl 1). i2-i3.

Morin, J-B, Girard, O., Slawinski, J., Rabita, G., Dalleau, G. and Brughelli, M. (2013) Lower limb mechanical properties: Significant References Omitted. Sports Medicine, 43 (2). pp. 151-153.

Racinais, S., Maffiuletti, N.A. and Girard, O. (2013) M-wave, H- and V-Reflex Recruitment Curves During Maximal Voluntary Contraction. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 30 (4). pp. 415-421.

Nybo, L., Girard, O., Mohr, M., Knez, W., Voss, S. and Racinais, S. (2013) Markers of muscle damage and performance recovery after exercise in the heat. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45 (5). pp. 860-868.

Girard, O., Bishop, D.J. and Racinais, S. (2013) Neuromuscular adjustments of the quadriceps muscle after repeated cycling sprints. PLoS ONE, 8 (5).

Girard, O., Brocherie, F. and Millet, G.P. (2013) On the use of mobile inflatable hypoxic marquees for sport-specific altitude training in team sports. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47 (Suppl 1). i121-i123.

Girard, O., Amann, M., Aughey, R., Billaut, F., Bishop, D.J., Bourdon, P., Buchheit, M., Chapman, R., D'Hooghe, M., Garvican-Lewis, L.A., Gore, C.J., Millet, G.P., Roach, G.D., Sargent, C., Saunders, P.U., Schmidt, W. and Schumacher, Y.O. (2013) Position statement—altitude training for improving team-sport players’ performance: Current knowledge and unresolved issues. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47 (Suppl 1). i8-i16.

Girard, O., Millet, G.P., Micallef, J-P and Racinais, S. (2012) Alteration in neuromuscular function after a 5 km running time trial. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112 (6). pp. 2323-2330.

Girard, O. and Bishop, D. (2012) The Authorsʼ Response: Fatigue during Repeated Sprints. Sports Medicine, 42 (2). pp. 167-168.

Bishop, D. and Girard, O. (2012) The Authorsʼ Response: Should We be Recommending Repeated Sprints to Improve Repeated-Sprint Performance? Sports Medicine, 42 (2). pp. 172-173.

Girard, O. (2012) Comments on Point:Counterpoint: Hypobaric hypoxia induces/does not induce different responses from normobaric hypoxia. Journal of Applied Physiology, 112 (10). p. 1788.

Girard, O. and Farooq, A. (2012) Effects of Ramadan fasting on repeated sprint ability in young children. Science & Sports, 27 (4). pp. 237-240.

Almudehki, F., Girard, O., Grantham, J. and Racinais, S. (2012) Hot ambient conditions do not alter intermittent cycling sprint performance. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15 (2). pp. 148-152.

Racinais, S. and Girard, O. (2012) Neuromuscular failure is unlikely to explain the early exercise cessation in hot ambient conditions. Psychophysiology, 49 (6). pp. 853-865.

Girard, O., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2011) Changes in spring-mass model characteristics during repeated running sprints. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111 (1). pp. 125-134.

Gaoua, N., Grantham, J., El Massioui, F., Girard, O. and Racinais, S. (2011) Cognitive decrements do not follow neuromuscular alterations during passive heat exposure. International Journal of Hyperthermia, 27 (1). pp. 10-19.

Millet, G.P. and Girard, O. (2011) Commentaries on Viewpoint: Mechanisms of self-optimized pacing. Journal of Applied Physiology, 110 (1). p. 279.

Kelly, L.A., Girard, O. and Racinais, S. (2011) Effect of orthoses on changes in neuromuscular control and aerobic cost of a 1-h run. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43 (12). pp. 2335-2343.

Fourchet, F., Kuitunen, S., Girard, O., Beard, A.J. and Millet, G.P. (2011) Effects of combined Foot/Ankle electromyostimulation and resistance training on the In-Shoe plantar pressure patterns during sprint in young athletes. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 10 (2). pp. 292-300.

Girard, O., Racinais, S., Kelly, L., Millet, G.P. and Brocherie, F. (2011) Repeated sprinting on natural grass impairs vertical stiffness but does not alter plantar loading in soccer players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111 (10). pp. 2547-2555.

Girard, O., Mendez-Villanueva, A. and Bishop, D. (2011) Repeated-Sprint Ability – Part I. Sports Medicine, 41 (8). pp. 673-694.

Bishop, D., Girard, O. and Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2011) Repeated-Sprint Ability – Part II. Sports Medicine, 41 (9). pp. 741-756.

Rabita, G., Slawinski, J., Girard, O., Bignet, F. and Hausswirth, C. (2011) Spring-Mass behavior during exhaustive run at constant velocity in elite triathletes. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43 (4). pp. 685-692.

Girard, O., Micallef, J-P, Noual, J. and Millet, G.P. (2010) Alteration of neuromuscular function in squash. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13 (1). pp. 172-177.

Girard, O., Millet, G., Slawinski, J., Racinais, S. and Micallef, J-P (2010) Changes in leg-spring behavior during a 5000m self-paced run in differently trained athletes. Science & Sports, 25 (2). pp. 99-102.

Girard, O. and Racinais, S. (2010) Comments on Point: Counterpoint: Afferent feedback from fatigued locomotor muscles is/is not an important determinant of endurance exercise performance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 108 (2). pp. 462-463.

Girard, O., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2010) Effects of the playing surface on plantar pressures during the first serve in tennis. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5 (3). pp. 384-393.

Perrey, S., Racinais, S., Saimouaa, K. and Girard, O. (2010) Neural and muscular adjustments following repeated running sprints. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 109 (6). pp. 1027-1036.

Girard, O., Eicher, F., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G. (2010) Plantar pressures in the tennis serve. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28 (8). pp. 873-880.

Racinais, S. and Girard, O. (2009) Comments on Point: Counterpoint: ITT: A tool to demonstrate muscle inactivation rather than to calculate a percentage of activation. Journal of Applied Physiology, 107 (1). p. 361.

Girard, O. and Millet, G.P. (2009) Comments on Point: Counterpoint: Maximal rate of force development can represent a more functional measure of muscle activation. Journal of Applied Physiology, 107 (1). pp. 359-360.

Girard, O. and Millet, G.P. (2009) Physical determinants of tennis performance in competitive teenage players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23 (6). pp. 1867-1872.

Rupp, T., Girard, O. and Perrey, S. (2009) Redetermination of the optimal stimulation intensity modifies resting H-reflex recovery after a sustained moderate-intensity muscle contraction. Muscle & Nerve, 41 (5). pp. 642-650.

Girard, O., Carbonnel, Y., Candau, R. and Millet, G. (2009) Running versus strength-based warm-up: Acute effects on isometric knee extension function. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 106 (4). pp. 573-581.

Girard, O., Racinais, S., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2009) Spinal modulations accompany peripheral fatigue during prolonged tennis playing. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 21 (3). pp. 455-464.

Dellal, A., Chamari, K., Pintus, A., Girard, O., Cotte, T. and Keller, D. (2008) Heart rate responses during small-sided games and short intermittent running training in elite soccer players: A comparative study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22 (5). pp. 1449-1457.

Girard, O., Lattier, G., Maffiuletti, N.A., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2008) Neuromuscular fatigue during a prolonged intermittent exercise: Application to tennis. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 18 (6). pp. 1038-1046.

Girard, O. and Millet, G.P. (2008) Neuromuscular fatigue in racquet sports. Neurologic Clinics, 26 (1). pp. 181-194.

Fourchet, F., Kuitunen, S., Girard, O. and Millet, G-P (2007) Comparaison de la répartition des appuis plantaires entre chaussures d'entraînement et chaussures à pointes chez de jeunes sprinters. Science & Sports, 22 (3-4). pp. 176-178.

Girard, O., Eicher, F., Fourchet, F., Micallef, J.P. and Millet, G.P. (2007) Effects of the playing surface on plantar pressures and potential injuries in tennis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41 (11). pp. 733-738.

Racinais, S., Girard, O., Micallef, J.P. and Perrey, S. (2007) Failed excitability of spinal motoneurons induced by prolonged running exercise. Journal of Neurophysiology, 97 (1). pp. 596-603.

Girard, O., Chevalier, R., Habrard, M., Sciberras, P., Hot, P. and Grégoire, P. (2007) Game analysis and energy requirements of elite squash. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21 (3). pp. 909-914.

Girard, O., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2007) Influence of restricted knee motion during the flat first serve in tennis. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21 (3). pp. 950-957.

Girard, O., Lattier, G., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2006) Changes in exercise characteristics, maximal voluntary contraction, and explosive strength during prolonged tennis playing. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40 (6). pp. 521-526.

Girard, O., Chevalier, R., Leveque, F., Micallef, J.P. and Millet, G.P. (2006) Specific incremental field test for aerobic fitness in tennis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40 (9). pp. 791-796.

Girard, O., Vaseux, D. and Millet, G.P. (2005) Comparaison de l’efficacité de trois modalités d’entraînement chez des joueurs de tennis. Science & Sports, 20 (1). pp. 45-47.

Girard, O., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2005) Lower-Limb activity during the power serve in Tennis: Effects of performance level. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 37 (6). pp. 1021-1029.

Le Bris, R., Girard, O., Millet, G.P., Auvinet, B. and Barrey, E. (2005) Relations entre la consommation d’oxygène et des mesures accélérométriques en course à pied sur piste. Science & Sports, 20 (2). pp. 91-94.

Girard, O., Sciberras, P., Habrard, M., Hot, P., Chevalier, R. and Millet, G.P. (2005) Specific incremental test in elite squash players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39 (12). pp. 921-926.

Non-refereed Article

Brocherie, F., Girard, O. and Millet, G.P. (2017) Innover en préparation physique avec l’entrainement en altitude. Reflexions Sport (15). pp. 4-23.

Girard, O. (2017) Therapeutic use of hypoxia for obesity treatment. Namat, 22 March 2017 .

Brechbuhl, C., Girard, O., Millet, G. and Schmitt, L. (2017) Towards polarized training in tennis? Usefulness of combining technical and physiological assessments during a new incremental field test. ITF Coaching and Sport Science Review, 73 (25). 18 -21.

Brechbuhl, C., Girard, O. and Millet, G. (2016) Stress test specific to tennis (Test): Case study of an elite player. ITF Coaching and Sport Science Review, 70 . pp. 26-29.

Girard, O. and Durussel, A. (2015) Improving physical determinants of tennis performance in teenage players with repeated sprint training: Are directional changes adding value? Medicine and Science in Tennis, 20 (3). pp. 129-133.

Girard, O., Malatesta, D. and Millet, G.P. (2015) Is altitude training an efficient treatment for obesity? ASPETAR: Sports Medicine Journal, 4 (3). pp. 582-586.

Girard, O., Racinais, S., Cecchinello, L. and Grantham, J. (2014) Monitoring MOTO GP rider's physiological strain. ASPETAR: Sports Medicine Journal, 3 (2). pp. 362-365.

Girard, O. (2014) Neuromuscular fatigue in tennis: Mind over muscle? ITF Coaching and Sport Science Review (63). pp. 7-9.

Girard, O., Millet, G.P. and Micallef, J-P (2012) Are serve velocity and ground reaction forces altered following prolonged tennis? ITF Coaching and Sport Science Review, 57 . pp. 16-17.

Girard, O. (2007) Neuromuscular fatigue and mechanical alterations in intermittent activities: applications to racket sports. Medicine and Science in Tennis, 12 (1). pp. 38-40.

Girard, O., Chevalier, R., Leveque, F., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2006) Specific incremental test in tennis. ITF Coaching and Sport Science Review, 38 . pp. 13-15.

Girard, O., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2005) Lower limbs kinetics and muscle activation in tennis players during the flat first serve. Medicine and Science in Tennis, 10 (2). pp. 10-11.

Book Chapter

Brocherie, F., Girard, O. and Millet, G. (2018) Altitude and football: What are new methods and opportunities to maximise players' fitness? In: Hak, D., (ed.) An In-depth Guide to Sports. Nova Science Publishers, pp. 67-88.

Girard, O., Brechbuhl, C., Schmitt, L. and Millet, G.P. (2018) Evaluation et développement des ressources physiologiques du joueur de tennis. In: Martin, C., (ed.) Tennis: Optimisation de la performance. De Boeck Supérieur, pp. 32-48.

Girard, O. and Périard, J.D. (2018) Jouer au tennis en conditions chaudes. In: Martin, C., (ed.) Tennis: Optimisation de la performance. De Boeck Supérieur, pp. 236-247.

Girard, O., Brocherie, F., Faiss, R. and Millet, G.P. (2018) Méthodes innovantes d’entrainement en altitude des joueurs de sports collectifs. In: Souissi, N. and Driss, T., (eds.) Des données de la recherche à l’entrainement. Simpact imprimerie & éditions, In Press.

Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Millet, G. and Racinais, S. (2018) Training and playing football in hot and/or humid environments. In: Hak, D., (ed.) An In-depth Guide to Sports. Nova Science Publishers, pp. 89-108.

Millet, G.P. and Girard, O. (2016) Hypoxic training. In: Seifert, L., Wolfs, P. and Schweizer, A., (eds.) The Science of Climbing and Mountaineering. Routledge as part of the Taylor and Francis group.

Girard, O., Racinais, S. and Périard, J. (2015) Transpiration: Entraînement en milieu chaud et humide. In: Julia, M., Gasq, D., Perrey, S., Dupeyron, A. and Vaucher, M., (eds.) 43e Entretiens de médicine physique et de réadaptation. Sauramps médical, pp. 16-23.

Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Farooq, A. and Millet, G. (2013) Influence of environmental temperature on home advantage in Qatari international soccer matches. In: Peters, D.M. and O'Donoghue, P., (eds.) Performance Analysis of Sport IX. Routledge as part of the Taylor and Francis group.

O'Donoghue, P., Girard, O. and Reid, M. (2013) Racket Sports. In: McGarry, T., O'Donoghue, P. and Sampaio, J., (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Sports Performance Analysis. Routledge as part of the Taylor and Francis group, pp. 404-414.

Bishop, D. and Girard, O. (2010) Repeated Sprint Ability. In: Connes, P., Hue, O. and Perrey, S., (eds.) Exercise Physiology: from a Cellular to an Integrative Approach. IOS Press, pp. 385-400.

Bishop, D. and Girard, O. (2010) Repeated-sprint ability (RSA). In: Cardinale, M., Newton, R. and Nosaka, K., (eds.) Strength and Conditioning: Biological Principles and Practical Applications. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 223-241.

Girard, O., Eicher, F. and Chevalier, R. (2009) Comparaison de trois modalités d’entraînement en intermittent sur la répétition de sprints au tennis. In: Crognier, L. and Bayle, E., (eds.) Le tennis dans la société de demain : Regards croisés. AFRAPS, pp. 293-302.

Girard, O., Guerin, P., Teulier, C., Millet, G.P. and Micallef, J-P (2009) Effets de la fatigue sur les coordinations segmentaires au service en tennis: Etude préliminaire. In: Crognier, L. and Bayle, E., (eds.) Le tennis dans la société de demain : Regards croisés. AFRAPS, pp. 353-360.

Rave, G., Micallef, J-P and Girard, O. (2009) Intérêt d’un programme d’utilisation d’une raquette lestée sur l’efficacité du coup droit au tennis. In: Crognier, L. and Bayle, E., (eds.) Le tennis dans la société de demain : Regards croisés. AFRAPS, pp. 423-432.

Girard, O., Racinais, S. and Micallef, J-P (2009) Mécanismes de la fatigue neuromusculaire lors de la pratique prolongée du tennis. In: Crognier, L. and Bayle, E., (eds.) Le tennis dans la société de demain : Regards croisés. AFRAPS, pp. 325-344.

Girard, O., Chevalier, R., Leveque, F., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2009) Utilisation d’un test de terrain dans la préparation physique du joueur de tennis. In: Crognier, L. and Bayle, E., (eds.) Le tennis dans la société de demain : Regards croisés. AFRAPS, pp. 273-281.

Girard, O., Chevalier, R., Leveque, F., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2008) A specific incremental test in tennis. In: Lees, A., Cabello, D. and Torres, G., (eds.) Science and Racket Sports IV. Routledge as part of the Taylor and Francis group, pp. 36-43.

Girard, O., Eicher, F., Fourchet, F., Micallef, J-P and Millet, G.P. (2007) Effects of the playing surface on in-shoe foot loading patterns during tennis-specific movements. In: Miller, S. and Capel-Davies, J., (eds.) Tennis Science & Technology 3. International Tennis Federation, London, England, pp. 199-206.

Girard, O. and Millet, G.P. (2005) Effets de la surface de jeu sur les réponses physiologiques et les caractéristiques techniques de jeunes joueurs de tennis. In: Lehenaff, D. and Kahn, J.F., (eds.) Sports de raquettes : données scientifiques et méthodologiques : applications pour l'entraînement. INSEP-Publications, pp. 93-105.

Girard, O. and Millet, G.P. (2004) Effects of the ground surface on the physiological siological and technical responses in young tennis players. In: Kahn, J-F, Lees, A. and Maynard, I., (eds.) Science and Racket Sports III: The Proceedings of the Eighth International Table Tennis Federation Sports Science Congress and The Third World Congress of Science and Racket Sports. Routledge as part of the Taylor and Francis group, pp. 43-48.

Book

Millet, G., Brocherie, F., Faiss, R. and Girard, O. (2015) Entraînement en altitude dans les sports collectifs: Aptitude aérobie et répétition de sprints. De Boeck.

This list was generated on Sun Nov 17 18:00:12 2019 UTC.