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Ecological impacts

Newsome, D. (2005) Ecological impacts. In: Wildlife tourism (Aspects of Tourism). Channel View Publications, Clevedon ; Buffalo, pp. 41-81.

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The introduction of the idea of ecodevelopment by the World Conservation Strategy (IUCN, 1980) led to the Bruntland Commission’s (WCED, 1987) concept of sustainable development with its recognition of the interdependencies among environmental conservation, social responsibility and economic development. Now well accepted and advanced by many nations, the idea of sustainability champ ions the existence of ecological and social conditions necessary to support the increasing quality of human life through future generations. The objective of such stewardship should be to pass on to future generations a stock of natural resources no less in quantity and quality than that inherited by the present generation. In a tourism context this has a considerable validity because it calls into question the logic of unbridled tourism growth based on mass numbers without any concern for the impact on the environment, particularly in natural areas.

As already noted in Chapter 1, the advancement of wildlife tourism is underpinned by its sustainable base. Thus wildlife tourism, as a type of niche tourism, aims to meet the needs of present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing environmental, social and economic values for the future. By extension, sustainable wildlife tourism development should incorporate the management of its resources in such a way that it can fulfil economic and social needs while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems (Page & Dowling,. 2002).

Item Type: Book Chapter
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Environmental Science
Publisher: Channel View Publications
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