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Release of fumigant residues from grain by microwave irradiation

Ren, Y.L. and Desmarchelier, J.M. (1998) Release of fumigant residues from grain by microwave irradiation. Journal of AOAC International, 81 (3). pp. 673-678.


Multiresidue analysis of fumigants is important because of their widespread use on staple foodstuffs, such as grain. Fumigants are usually extracted from grain either by solvent extraction or by purge-and-trap techniques. In this paper, fumigant residues in wheat were "extracted" by a microwave procedure. Wheat, in gas-tight Erlenmeyer flasks, was placed in a domestic microwave oven, and fumigants were released into the headspace by microwave irradiation. Power settings for maximum release of fumigants were determined for CH3Br, PH3, CS2, and COS. Recoveries of fortified samples were >90%. Completeness of extraction was assessed from the amount of fumigant retained by the microwave-irradiated wheat. This amount, determined from both solvent extraction and from further microwave irradiation, was always small (<5% of the amount obtained from the initial procedure). Limits of quantitation were <1 ng/g for CH3Br, PH3, and CS2. These low limits were essentially due to the absence of interference from solvents. The microwave method is rapid and solvent-free. However, care is required in selecting the appropriate power setting. The safety implications of heating sealed flasks in microwave ovens should be noted.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: AOAC International
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