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Evaluation of Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction for Analysis of Phosphine Residues in Wheat

Ren, Y.L., Padovan, B. and Desmarchelier, J.M. (2012) Evaluation of Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction for Analysis of Phosphine Residues in Wheat. Journal of AOAC International, 95 (2). pp. 549-553.

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In headspace (HS) analysis, a fumigant is released from a commodity into a gas-tight container by grinding, heating, or microwaves. A new technique uses HS-solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for additional preconcentration of fumigant. HS-SPME was tested for detection of phosphine (PH3), chosen for examination because of its wide use on stored commodities. PH3 was applied to 50 g wheat in separate 250 mL sealed flasks, which were equipped either with a septum for conventional HS analysis or with one of four HS-SPME fibers [100 mu m polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), 85 mu m carboxen (CAR)/PDMS, 75 mu m CAR/PDMS, and 65 mu m PDMS/divinylbenzene (DVB)]. The wheat was heated at 45 degrees C for 20 min. In conventional HS analysis, a gaseous aliquot (80 mu L) was taken from the HS and injected into the GC instrument. In the HS-SPME procedure, the fiber was removed from the HS and exposed in the heated injection port of the GC instrument. In all cases, PH3 was determined under the same chromatographic conditions with a GC pulsed flame photometric detector. In a comparison of the efficacy of the fibers, the bipolar fibers (CAR/PDMS and PDMS/DVB) contained more PH3 than the aliquot in the conventional HS analysis; larger size bipolar fibers extracted PH3 more efficiently than smaller fibers (e.g., 85 > 75 > 65 mu m). The nonpolar fiber (PDMS) contained no PH3. Four fortification levels of PH3 on wheat were tested: 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.3 mu g/g. The response of each bipolar fiber increased with the fortification levels, but the conventional HS analysis detected no fumigant at the lowest fortification level of 0.01 mg/g. Under the conditions of the validation study, the LOD was in the range of 0.005-0.01 ng PH3/g wheat.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology
Publisher: AOAC International
Copyright: © AOAC International
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