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Sustainable Tourism Development: The Case of Scotland

Sathiendrakumar, R. (1998) Sustainable Tourism Development: The Case of Scotland. In: Tisdell, C.A. and Roy, K.C., (eds.) Tourism and Development: Economic, Social, Political and Environmental Issues. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Commack, NY, pp. 193-202.


Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland. The other main cities are Glasgow, Dundee and Aberdeen. In 1974 Scotland was divided into 12 regions and 53 districts. All heavy industries in Scotland declined through the 1980s with the closure of many coal pits, as these heavy industries were based on coal. At present steel works, vehicle building, whisky making, oil service on the East Coast, textiles, agriculture and forestry, fishing and fish farming and tourism are the mainstay of the economy of Scotland.

This paper deals with tourism in Scotland, especially its importance to the local economy. The contribution of tourism to GDP in Scotland is about 5 per cent and it accounts for 8 per cent of Scottish employment. This tourism needs to be sustainable, if the future society is to benefit from the activity of tourism. The paper considers the question of sustainable tourism and how Scotland will be able to achieve this.

Sustainable tourism development in Scotland is an approach to achieve development goals with minimum depletion of natural resources and without depleting the cultural resources and degrading the environment. The long-term viability of the Scottish tourism industry is dependant upon the maintenance of natural, cultural and historical attractions.

Without responsible management practices the tourism industry in Scotland can degrade the very fabric on which its future prosperity is based. The paper discusses how this responsible management may be brought about. The paper also demonstrates that because of the direct linkage between tourism activities in Scotland and the environmental quality in Scotland, sustainable tourism development in Scotland is not possible without careful planning by the government and full participation by the Tourism industry.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Murdoch Business School
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Copyright: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
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