Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Surface analysis on discharged MnO2 cathode using XPS and SIMS techniques

Minakshi, M.ORCID: 0000-0001-6558-8317 and Thurgate, S. (2009) Surface analysis on discharged MnO2 cathode using XPS and SIMS techniques. Surface and Interface Analysis, 41 (1). pp. 56-60.

Link to Published Version:
*Subscription may be required


Manganese dioxide (MnO2) appears to be an effective cathode material for a battery system. No studies on lithium insertion in aqueous media are known to the best of our knowledge. However, in one of our previous papers we reported that lithium could be intercalated into a MnO2 host compound using an aqueous LiOH electrolyte; however simple chemistry suggests that it should not. It is found that a battery with LiOH electrolyte functions quite differently from the cell that uses Li2SO4. This paper describes the surface modifications that accompany the electrochemical behavior of MnO2 during redox (discharge) processes in the lithium hydroxide and sulfate media. XPS and SIMS techniques were used to study the resultant surface of the MnO2 cathode and the spectra reveal that the formation of an insoluble layer of Li2CO3 precedes the process of reduction. SEM was used to study the microstructure of the MnO2 cathode.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Chemical and Mathematical Science
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Copyright: 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Item Control Page Item Control Page