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Anti-retroviral effects of type I IFN subtypes in vivo

Gerlach, N., Gibbert, K., Alter, C., Nair, S., Zelinskyy, G., James, C.M. and Dittmer, U. (2009) Anti-retroviral effects of type I IFN subtypes in vivo. European Journal of Immunology, 39 (1). pp. 136-146.

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Type I IFN play a very important role in immunity against viral infections. Murine type I IFN belongs to a multigene family including 14 IFN-α subtypes but the biological functions of IFN-α subtypes in retroviral infections are unknown. We have used the Friend retrovirus model to determine the anti-viral effects of IFN-α subtypes in vitro and in vivo. IFN-α subtypes α1, α4, α6 or α9 suppressed Friend virus (FV) replication in vitro, but differed greatly in their anti-viral efficacy in vivo. Treatment of FV-infected mice with the IFN-α subtypes α1, α4 or α9, but not α6 led to a significant reduction in viral loads. Decreased splenic viral load after IFN-α1 treatment correlated with an expansion of activated FV-specific CD8+ T cells and NK cells into the spleen, whereas in IFN-α4- and -α9-treated mice it exclusively correlated with the activation of NK cells. The results demonstrate the distinct anti-retroviral effects of different IFN-α subtypes, which may be relevant for new therapeutic approaches.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Copyright: © 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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