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Long-term aeration management for improved N-removal via SND in a sequencing batch reactor

Third, K., Gibbs, B.M., Newland, M. and Cord-Ruwisch, R. (2005) Long-term aeration management for improved N-removal via SND in a sequencing batch reactor. Water Research, 39 (15). pp. 3523-3530.

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Management of the aeration length in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) can improve N-removal by minimising the amount of organic substrate that is oxidised aerobically. This study investigates the long-term effect of aeration control on N-removal via simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND) by a mixed culture in a 2 L acetate-fed SBR, using PHB as the electron donor for denitrification. The reactor was operated continuously with automated termination of the aerobic phase after ammonium depletion, using the specific oxygen uptake rate (SOUR) as the control parameter. This resulted in an increase of the organic loading rate (OLR) from 0.33 to 0.59 g BOD g-1 d -1. Over the first 12 cycles of operation, the PHB content of the biomass increased three-fold and resulted in a progressively increasing SOUR, which allowed an increased amount of nitrogen removal via SND from 34% to 52%. After one month of continuous operation with controlled aeration, the settling efficiency of the biomass had significantly improved (SVI 70 mL g-1 X). Long-term oxygen management resulted in biomass with a higher capacity for N-removal via SND and improved settling characteristics. Our results may help to explain long-term historical effects of N-removal capabilities in WWTPs and assist design engineers in choosing an appropriate aeration length and OLR.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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