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Biomarkers of coagulation and inflammation in dogs after randomized administration of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 or Hartmann’s solution

Boyd, C.J.ORCID: 0000-0003-1361-2148, Raisis, A.L., Sharp, C.R.ORCID: 0000-0002-1797-9783, Claus, M.A.ORCID: 0000-0003-1529-1480, Hosgood, G. and Smart, L.ORCID: 0000-0003-4776-2849 (2022) Biomarkers of coagulation and inflammation in dogs after randomized administration of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 or Hartmann’s solution. Animals, 12 (19). Article 2691.

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Abstract

Synthetic colloid fluids containing hydroxyethyl starch (HES) have been associated with impairment of coagulation in dogs. It is unknown if HES causes coagulation impairment in dogs with naturally occurring critical illness. This study used banked plasma samples from a blinded, randomized clinical trial comparing HES and balanced isotonic crystalloid for bolus fluid therapy in 39 critically ill dogs. Blood was collected prior to fluid administration and 6, 12, and 24 h thereafter. Coagulation biomarkers measured at each time point included prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, fibrinogen concentration, and the activities of coagulation factors V, VII, VIII, IX, and X, von Willebrand factor antigen, antithrombin, and protein C. Given the links between coagulation and inflammation, cytokine concentrations were also measured, including interleukins 6, 8, 10, and 18, keratinocyte-derived chemokine, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. Data were analyzed with linear mixed effects models. No significant treatment-by-time interactions were found for any biomarker, indicating that the pattern of change over time was not modified by treatment. Examining the main effect of time showed significant changes in several coagulation biomarkers and keratinocyte-derived chemokines. This study could not detect evidence of coagulation impairment with HES.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Veterinary Medicine
Harry Butler Institute
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Copyright: © 2022 by the authors
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/66336
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