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Molecular characterization of aviadenovirus serotypes and pathogenicity of the identified adenovirus in broiler chickens

Lebdah, M., Alshaya, D.S., Jalal, A.S., Mousa, M.R., Radwan, M.M., Samir, M., Adel, A., Albaqami, N.M., El-Saadony, M.T., El-Tarabily, K.A. and El basrey, Y.F.H. (2022) Molecular characterization of aviadenovirus serotypes and pathogenicity of the identified adenovirus in broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 101 (12). Art. 101918.

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Inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) is an economically significant viral disease that primarily affects broiler chickens. At least 12 different aviadenovirus serotypes are responsible for causing IBH. This study aimed to use polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and phylogenetic analysis to characterize fowl adenovirus isolates that were in circulation from 2019 to 2021 and investigate the pathogenicity of the isolated strains in commercial broiler chickens. Suspected liver samples were molecularly identified using hexon gene targeting by PCR, and viruses were isolated using chick embryo liver cell culture. For serotype identification, the fowl adenovirus-positive samples were subjected to hexon gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. The pathogenicity of two isolates was tested in commercial chickens via the oral route. The phylogenetic analysis of the hexon gene showed that the isolated viruses clustered with serotype 8a species E. On testing the pathogenicity of the isolates based on necropsy and histopathological examination, no mortality was observed; however, lesions were observed in the liver, kidney, heart, pancreas, bursa, and lung specimens with intermittent virus shedding at different time points throughout the experimental period. Further research on the likelihood of vaccine production is warranted to limit disease-related losses.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Harry Butler Institute
Publisher: Poultry Science Association
Copyright: © 2022 The Authors.
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