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BSA‑seq and genetic mapping identified candidate genes for branching habit in peanut

Pan, J., Zhou, X., Ahmad, N., Zhang, K., Tang, R., Zhao, H., Jiang, J., Tian, M., Li, C., Li, A., Zhang, X., He, L., Ma, J., Li, X., Tian, R., Ma, C., Pandey, M.K., Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131, Wang, X. and Zhao, C. (2022) BSA‑seq and genetic mapping identified candidate genes for branching habit in peanut. Theoretical and Applied Genetics .

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Lateral branch angel (LBA) is an important plant architecture trait of peanut, which plays key role in lodging, peg soil penetration and pod yield. However, there are few reports of fine mapping and quantitative trait loci (QTLs)/cloned genes for LBA in peanut. In this project, a mapping population was constructed using a spreading variety Tifrunner and the erect variety Fuhuasheng. Through bulked segregant analysis sequencing (BSA-seq), a major gene related to LBA, named as AhLBA1, was preliminarily mapped at the region of Chr.15: 150-160 Mb. Then, using traditional QTL approach, AhLBA1 was narrowed to a 1.12 cM region, corresponding to a 136.65-kb physical interval of the reference genome. Of the nine genes housed in this region, three of them were involved in hormone metabolism and regulation, including one “F-box protein” and two “2-oxoglutarate (2OG) and Fe(II)-dependent oxygenase (2OG oxygenase)” encoding genes. In addition, we found that the level of some classes of cytokinin (CK), auxin and ethylene showed significant differences between spreading and erect peanuts at the junction of main stem and lateral branch. These findings will aid further elucidation of the genetic mechanism of LBA in peanut and facilitating marker-assisted selection (MAS) in the future breeding program.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Crop and Food Innovation
State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre
Publisher: Springer Verlag
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