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Improved pea reference genome and pan-genome highlight genomic features and evolutionary characteristics

Yang, T., Liu, R., Luo, Y., Hu, S., Wang, D., Wang, C., Pandey, M.K., Ge, S., Xu, Q., Li, N., Li, G., Huang, Y., Saxena, R.K., Ji, Y., Li, M., Yan, X., He, Y., Liu, Y., Wang, X., Xiang, C., Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131, Ding, H., Gao, S. and Zong, X. (2022) Improved pea reference genome and pan-genome highlight genomic features and evolutionary characteristics. Nature Genetics, 54 (10). pp. 1553-1563.

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Complete and accurate reference genomes and annotations provide fundamental resources for functional genomics and crop breeding. Here we report a de novo assembly and annotation of a pea cultivar ZW6 with contig N50 of 8.98 Mb, which features a 243-fold increase in contig length and evident improvements in the continuity and quality of sequence in complex repeat regions compared with the existing one. Genome diversity of 118 cultivated and wild pea demonstrated that Pisum abyssinicum is a separate species different from P. fulvum and P. sativum within Pisum. Quantitative trait locus analyses uncovered two known Mendel’s genes related to stem length (Le/le) and seed shape (R/r) as well as some candidate genes for pod form studied by Mendel. A pan-genome of 116 pea accessions was constructed, and pan-genes preferred in P. abyssinicum and P. fulvum showed distinct functional enrichment, indicating the potential value of them as pea breeding resources in the future.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Crop and Food Innovation
State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
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