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HPC-PAA hydrogel smart windows with and without Cs0.32WO3: High solar modulation ability and luminous transmittance

Zhang, L., Du, Y., Xia, H., Xia, F.ORCID: 0000-0002-4950-3640, Yang, G. and Gao, Y. (2022) HPC-PAA hydrogel smart windows with and without Cs0.32WO3: High solar modulation ability and luminous transmittance. Ceramics International .

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Hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) hydrogel is a promising material for fabricating energy saving smart windows. However, its lower critical solution temperature (LCST = 42 oC) is much higher than comfortable room temperatures. In this work, we applied surface polymerization of acrylic acid (AA) monomers on HPC chains and synthesized HPC-polyacrylic acid (PAA) hydrogels with precisely controllable LCST in the range of 23.0–42.0 oC. The fabricated HPC-PAA hydrogel smart windows exhibited excellent Tlum, 22 °C of 91.8% and ΔTsol, 22–40 °C of 73.7%, outperforming VO2 hydrogel composites and photothermal nanoparticles doped hydrogel smart windows. Meanwhile, cesium tungsten bronze (Cs0.32WO3) photothermal nanoparticles can be introduced to the HPC-PAA hydrogel matrix, and the near infrared (NIR) shielding ability of Cs0.32WO3 allowed significant reduction of NIR transmittance of the smart windows from 81.7% to 41.6% at 22 oC, and from 19.3% to 3.6% at 40 oC. Temperature regulation tests in model houses revealed outstanding heat-shielding performance of Cs0.32WO3 (0.4 wt%)/HPC-PAA hydrogel smart windows, especially compared with ordinary double-glass windows. Furthermore, the HPC-PAA hydrogel and Cs0.32WO3 (0.4 wt%)/HPC-PAA hydrogel are non-toxic, biocompatible, low-cost, suggesting their suitability for energy-saving smart window applications.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Harry Butler Institute
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Copyright: © 2022 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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