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Strategies for breeding, production and promotion of pigeonpea hybrids in India

Saxena, K.B., Singh, I.P., Bohra, A. and Singh, B.B. (2015) Strategies for breeding, production and promotion of pigeonpea hybrids in India. Journal of Food Legumes, 28 (3). pp. 190-198.


With the release of GTH-1 the world’s first CMS hybrid in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.], the breeding of hybrids in this important pulse crop has become a reality. At present three early duration pigeonpea hybrids with yield advantage of >30% have been identified/released in India. This has been possible due to breeders’ success in developing stable cytoplsmic nuclear male sterility (CMS) system and selection of stable restorers. The large-scale hybrid seed production is facilitated by insect-aided natural out-crossing and hybrid yields of 1000-1500 kg /ha have been harvested by the growers. To sustain this breakthrough in pigeonpea it is necessary to identify, evaluate and maintain the perfect CMS line (A and B lines) along with good restorers on a regular basis. In this paper, an attempt has been made to consolidate strategies related to the development of new hybrids, their seed production technology and promotion in the country.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Indian Society of Pulses Research and Development
Copyright: © 2015 Saxena et al.
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