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Conservation agriculture for smallholder farmers in rainfed and irrigated systems in the eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain: Lessons learned

Haque, M.E., Bell, R.W.ORCID: 0000-0002-7756-3755 and Jahiruddin, M. (2022) Conservation agriculture for smallholder farmers in rainfed and irrigated systems in the eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain: Lessons learned. In: Conservation agriculture in Africa: climate smart agricultural development. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, pp. 443-457.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1079/9781789245745.0028
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Abstract

Conservation Agriculture (CA), which delivers multiple benefits for crop cultivation, is becoming increasingly popular worldwide. However, CA is not a single, ready-made or simple technology that can be adopted everywhere without necessary farm-level refinement. The CA practitioners may need to incorporate changes in practices and each needs a few years of experience to fully learn how to optimize the technology on a particular crop on each farm. Implementation of CA is challenging in resource-limited, intensively cropped and rice-based smallholder farms. This chapter is a reflection on lessons learned during the last two decades of research, farmers’ adoption and service providers’ (LSP) feedback on CA practice in rainfed and irrigated systems where farmers grow three crops per year including at least one transplanted rice crop. We review smallholder farmers and LSP affordable and preferred CA planters, and the performance of CA in crop establishment and management, weed management, role and involvement of farmers’ groups, farm level benefits, rice and upland crops. Case studies are also presented on the benefits of CA practice including resources optimization, long-term trends of crop yield and profit margin, soil organic carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas (GHG) implications. These lessons may be useful for new practitioners, extensionists, researchers, teachers, students and policy planners to implement CA in smallholder regions considering food security, soil health and livelihoods and their contribution to mitigation of global warming.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Copyright: © 2022 FAO
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/65628
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