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Effect of leukoreduction on inflammation in critically ill dogs receiving red blood cell transfusions: A randomized blinded controlled clinical trial

Claus, M.A.ORCID: 0000-0003-1529-1480, Poh, D., Smart, L.ORCID: 0000-0003-4776-2849, Purcell, S.L., Boyd, C.J.ORCID: 0000-0003-1361-2148 and Sharp, C.R.ORCID: 0000-0002-1797-9783 (2022) Effect of leukoreduction on inflammation in critically ill dogs receiving red blood cell transfusions: A randomized blinded controlled clinical trial. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 36 (4). pp. 1248-1257.

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Abstract

Background

Prestorage leukoreduction of red blood cell (RBC) bags prevents accumulation of pro-inflammatory mediators and experimentally attenuates post-transfusion inflammation in healthy dogs. However, the effect of leukoreduction on post-transfusion inflammation in critically ill dogs is unclear.

Hypothesis

Dogs transfused with leukoreduced (LR) RBC will have lower concentrations of leukocytes, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and C-reactive protein (CRP) within 24 hours of post-transfusion compared to dogs transfused with nonleukoreduced (NLR) RBC.

Animals

Sixty-one RBC-transfused dogs (LR = 34, NLR = 27).

Methods

Randomized, blinded, controlled preliminary clinical trial. Blood bag processing was randomized to create identically appearing LR and NLR bags. Group allocation occurred with transfusion of the oldest compatible RBC bag. Blood samples were collected pretransfusion and at 8 and 24 hours post-transfusion for leukocyte count, IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and CRP. Data were analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis using linear mixed effects models. Significance was set at P < .05.

Results

No significant differences were found between groups in concentrations of leukocytes (P = .93), IL-6 (P = .99), IL-8 (P = .75), MCP-1 (P = .69), or CRP (P = .18) over time. Eleven LR dogs (32%) and 4 NLR dogs (15%) were euthanized in the hospital (P = .14). No natural deaths occurred.

Conclusions and Clinical Importance

No differences in inflammation biomarker concentrations were detected over time between dogs transfused with LR or NLR RBC, but heterogeneity likely hampered the ability to detect a difference with this sample size. The novel randomization and enrollment protocol was successfully implemented across 2 participating institutions and will be easily scaled up for a future multicenter clinical trial.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Veterinary Medicine
Publisher: American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Copyright: © 2022 The Authors.
United Nations SDGs: Goal 15: Life on Land
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/65463
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