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Prevalence, demographic correlates, and medical correlates of cognitive impairment among Iranian people living with HIV: A Cross-sectional survey study

Etesami, M.S., Jones, D.L., Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, V., Abbasian, L., Ghayomzadeh, M., Mohraz, M., Vance, D.E., Cysique, L.A. and Asgarabad, M.H. (2022) Prevalence, demographic correlates, and medical correlates of cognitive impairment among Iranian people living with HIV: A Cross-sectional survey study. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 33 (4). pp. 421-435.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1097/JNC.0000000000000324
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Abstract

While taking antiretroviral therapy, 30%–60% of people living with HIV (PLWH) experience neurocognitive impairment (NCI). To determine NCI prevalence among Iranian PLWH, by the computerized Vienna Test System, 63 adults living without HIV and 63 Iranian PLWH aged 18–50 years (M = 35.3, SD = 7.9) were assessed for cognitive function. NCI was determined by receiver operating characteristic curve cutoff points based on the adults living without HIV. Associations between demographics, HIV serostatus markers, and mean T-scores were investigated. Performance differences were tested by including significant covariates in an analysis of covariance. NCI prevalence rates were 57.14% in PLWH and 19.05% in adults living without HIV. Global neurocognitive performance and all cognitive domains were significantly different between the groups, except for visual memory and selective attention. In Iran, NCI prevalence parallels that reported in PLWH worldwide. There should be a strategy to screen Iranian PLWH for NCI.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Murdoch Applied Sports Science Laboratory
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer
Copyright: © 2022 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/65449
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