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Meta-QTLs for multiple disease resistance involving three rusts in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Pal, N., Jan, I., Saini, D.K., Kumar, K., Kumar, A., Sharma, P.K., Kumar, S., Balyan, H.S. and Gupta, P.K. (2022) Meta-QTLs for multiple disease resistance involving three rusts in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics .

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Rust diseases in wheat are a major threat to global food security. Therefore, development of multiple disease-resistant cultivars (resistant to all three rusts) is a major goal in all wheat breeding programs worldwide. In the present study, meta-QTLs and candidate genes for multiple disease resistance (MDR) involving all three rusts were identified using 152 individual QTL mapping studies for resistance to leaf rust (LR), stem rust (SR), and yellow rust (YR). From these 152 studies, a total of 1,146 QTLs for resistance to three rusts were retrieved, which included 368 QTLs for LR, 291 QTLs for SR, and 487 QTLs for YR. Of these 1,146 QTLs, only 718 QTLs could be projected onto the consensus map saturated with 2, 34,619 markers. Meta-analysis of the projected QTLs resulted in the identification of 86 MQTLs, which included 71 MDR-MQTLs. Ten of these MDR-MQTLs were referred to as the ‘Breeders’ MQTLs’. Seventy-eight of the 86 MQTLs could also be anchored to the physical map of the wheat genome, and 54 MQTLs were validated by marker-trait associations identified during earlier genome-wide association studies. Twenty MQTLs (including 17 MDR-MQTLs) identified in the present study were co-localized with 44 known R genes. In silico expression analysis allowed identification of several differentially expressed candidate genes (DECGs) encoding proteins carrying different domains including the following: NBS-LRR, WRKY domains, F-box domains, sugar transporters, transferases, etc. The introgression of these MDR loci into high-yielding cultivars should prove useful for developing high yielding cultivars with resistance to all the three rusts.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Crop and Food Innovation
Publisher: Springer Verlag
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