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Blockchain‐based deduplication with arbitration and incentives

Huang, K., Zhang, X., Mu, Y., Rezaeibagha, F., Huang, X. and Gong, Y. (2022) Blockchain‐based deduplication with arbitration and incentives. IET Information Security . Early View.

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Cloud storage is an ideal platform to accommodate massive data. However, with the increasing number of various devices and improved processing power, the amount of generated data is becoming gigantic. Therefore, this calls for a cost-effective way to outsource massively generated data to a remote server. Cloud service providers utilise deduplication technique which deduplicates redundant data by aborting identical uploading requests and deleting redundant files. However, current deduplication mechanisms mainly focus on the storage saving of the server, and ignore the sustainable and long-term financial interests of servers and users. This is not helpful to expand outsourcing and deduplication services. Blockchain is an ideal solution to achieve an economical and incentive-driven deduplication system. Though some current research studiess have integrated deduplication with blockchain, they did not utilise blockchain as a financial tool. Meanwhile, it lacks an arbitration mechanism to settle disputes between the server and the user, especially in a Bitcoin payment where the payment is not confirmed immediately and a dispute may occur. This creates a burden to achieve fair and transparent incentive-based deduplication service. In this work, we construct a deduplication system with financial incentives for the server and the user based on Bitcoin. The data owner will pay money via Bitcoin to the server for outsourcing the file, but this fee can be compensated by charging deduplication users with some fees to acquire the deduplication service. The server and the user can receive revenues using deduplication service. Disputes on the fair distribution of incentives can be settled by our arbitration protocol with chameleon hashes as arbitration tags. We give concrete construction and security requirements for our proposed

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): IT, Media and Communications
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Institution of Engineering and Technology
Copyright: © 2022 The Authors.
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