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Long-acting injectable antipsychotic treatment during pregnancy: Outcomes for women at a tertiary maternity hospital

Nguyen, T., Frayne, J., Watson, S.ORCID: 0000-0001-7228-3490, Lebedevs, T., Teoh, S. and Galbally, M.ORCID: 0000-0003-3909-1918 (2022) Long-acting injectable antipsychotic treatment during pregnancy: Outcomes for women at a tertiary maternity hospital. Psychiatry Research, 313 . Art. 114614.

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Our study aimed to examine pregnancy, neonatal and psychosocial outcomes for women treated with LAIs at tertiary maternity hospital. A retrospective review of all women who were treated with LAIs between 1999 and 2017. Cases were identified via the hospital dispensary system and outcome data were extracted case notes as well as the midwifery notification system. Measures included sociodemographic data, smoking, alcohol and illicit substance use, pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes, and neonatal outcomes. Psychosocial profiles such as psychiatric admission during pregnancy and statutory child protection involvement were also assessed. Where available, outcomes were compared with state population data. The study found 38 pregnancies to 36 women, who had LAI treatment. Two congenital malformations (5.7%) were recorded. Compared to general population data, pregnant women treated with LAIs were more likely to have obstetric complications including gestational diabetes and pregnancy hypertension and special care nursery admission for their babies. They also had elevated rates of psychiatric admissions during pregnancy and statutory child protection involvement. Outcomes were similar first and second generation LAIs exposure. As women on LAI have limited options for treatment of their psychotic disorders, the findings point towards a need for enhanced multidisciplinary pregnancy care for this vulnerable cohort.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Health Futures Institute
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2022 Elsevier B.V.
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