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Mechanisms of disease-associated SINE-VNTR-Alus

Pfaff, A.L.ORCID: 0000-0002-2231-9800, Singleton, L.M. and Kõks, S. (2022) Mechanisms of disease-associated SINE-VNTR-Alus. Experimental Biology and Medicine .

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SINE-VNTR-Alus (SVAs) are the youngest retrotransposon family in the human genome. Their ongoing mobilization has generated genetic variation within the human population. At least 24 insertions to date, detailed in this review, have been associated with disease. The predominant mechanisms through which this occurs are alterations to normal splicing patterns, exonic insertions causing loss-of-function mutations, and large genomic deletions. Dissecting the functional impact of these SVAs and the mechanism through which they cause disease provides insight into the consequences of their presence in the genome and how these elements could influence phenotypes. Many of these disease-associated SVAs have been difficult to characterize and would not have been identified through routine analyses. However, the number identified has increased in recent years as DNA and RNA sequencing data became more widely available. Therefore, as the search for complex structural variation in disease continues, it is likely to yield further disease-causing SVA insertions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Molecular Medicine and Innovative Therapeutics
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Copyright: © 2022 by The Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
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