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A hydrozoan, Zanclella bryozoophila n.gen., n.sp. (Zancleidae), symbiotic with a bryozoan, with a discussion of the Zancleoidea

Boero, F. and Hewitt, C.L. (1992) A hydrozoan, Zanclella bryozoophila n.gen., n.sp. (Zancleidae), symbiotic with a bryozoan, with a discussion of the Zancleoidea. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 70 (9). pp. 1645-1651.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1139/z92-229
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Abstract

A new genus and species of hydroid, Zanclella bryozoophila, symbiotic with bryozoans is described. The colony is polymorphic and highly integrated with its bryozoan host. The gastrozooids have one or, rarely, two tentacles; dactylozooids are without tentacles. The medusa stage is reduced to liberable eumedusoids produced on the hydrorhiza, and has exumbrellar nematocyst chambers. The cnidome of both stages consists of stenoteles and macrobasic euryteles. General morphology and cnidome structure place this newly described form in the Zancleidae. A new genus is recognized on the basis of polymorphism of the hydroid and reduction of the medusa stage. The association with the bryozoan is described as commensal. Hydranths appear to feed on particles gathered by ciliary action of the bryozoan lophophore, and the hydrorhiza is surrounded by the bryozoan skeleton. The advantage of this relationship to the bryozoan is believed to be protection, effected by the nematocysts of the hydroid.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: NRC Research Press
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/64633
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