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Seed priming with boron and Bacillus sp. MN54 inoculation improves productivity and grain boron concentration of chickpea

Mehboob, N., Minhas, W.A., Naeem, M., Yasir, T.A., Naveed, M., Farooq, S. and Hussain, M. (2022) Seed priming with boron and Bacillus sp. MN54 inoculation improves productivity and grain boron concentration of chickpea. Crop and Pasture Science . Online Early.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1071/CP21377
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Abstract

Context: The production of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is negatively affected by boron (B) deficiency. In Pakistan, the crop grown under B deficiency produces grains with low B concentration. Application of B-tolerant bacteria (BTB) is a promising option to improve B supply to plants grown under B deficiency.

Aims: This study was focused on determining the appropriate concentration of B for seed priming, and its effects with BTB inoculation on growth, productivity and grain B concentration of chickpea.

Methods: Chickpea seeds were primed in aerated solutions of B concentrations in the range 0.01–0.5% (w/v), with hydroprimed and dry seeds as controls. Concentrations >0.1% proved toxic and seeds failed to germinate. Hence, B was further diluted to concentrations in the range 0.0001–0.1%. Pots containing chickpea seeds were divided into two sets having all B treatments. One set was inoculated with BTB (5 mL per pot of pure Bacillus sp. MN54 culture at 10 9 cfu mL−1); the other set was not inoculated.

Key results: Seed priming with B along with BTB inoculation improved stand establishment, growth, nodulation, yield and grain B concentration of chickpea. Seed priming treatments with B at 0.001% and 0.0001% along with BTB inoculation were most effective for improving stand establishment, seedling growth and grain yield, whereas 0.1% B was more effective for improving grain B concentration.

Conclusions: Seed priming with 0.001% B along with inoculation of Bacillus sp. MN54 improved seed germination, nodulation, yield and grain B concentration of chickpea under B-deficiency conditions.

Implications: Seed inoculation with BTB i.e., Bacillus sp. MN54 coupled with seed priming in 0.001% B solution is a viable option to improve yield and grain B concentration of chickpea grown on B-deficient soils.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s) (or their employer(s)).
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/64157
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