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Advances in the functional study of glutamine synthetase in plant abiotic stress tolerance response

Yin, H., Yang, F., He, X., Du, X., Mu, P. and Ma, W.ORCID: 0000-0002-1264-866X (2022) Advances in the functional study of glutamine synthetase in plant abiotic stress tolerance response. The Crop Journal, 10 (4). pp. 917-923.

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Plant glutamine synthetase (GS, EC6.3.1.2) catalyzes the synthesis of glutamine from glutamate and ammonium ions and acts as a key enzyme in the nitrogen metabolic pathway in organisms. Nitrogen is an essential element for plant growth and development and plays an important role in crop yield and quality formation. Therefore, GS is crucial in many physiological processes in plants. Currently, nitrogen regulation by GS in plants is well-studied in terms of its effect on plant growth and development. This article reviews the regulatory role of plant GS and its molecular mechanism in mitigating stress injury, such as low or high temperature, salinity, drought and oxidation. The function of plant GS in stress tolerance response is focused. The review aims to provide a reference for the utilization of plant GS in crop stress tolerance breeding.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education
Food Futures Institute
Publisher: Elsevier B.V. on behalf of KeAi Communications Co. Ltd.
Copyright: © 2022 Crop Science Society of China and Institute of Crop Science
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