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Criteria for evaluation of technology for sustainable wastewater and stormwater management

Ho, G.ORCID: 0000-0001-9190-8812 (2000) Criteria for evaluation of technology for sustainable wastewater and stormwater management. In: Workshop on sustainable wastewater and stormwater management: Regional workshop for the Latin America and the Caribbean, 27 - 31 March 2000, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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A wide range of technologies is available in the market place for wastewater and stormwater management from simple on-site to complex centralised systems. Not all of these are suitable for developing countries, and particularly not those which require a large capital cost and on-going maintenance and operating costs. There are many other equally important factors which need to be considered besides cost. Criteria for evaluation of technologies are therefore needed, particularly if we want to achieve long term sustainability of the technology. Three case examples are examined to help stimulate our thinking about the criteria that are required. Criteria for selection are then suggested. These can be grouped into criteria for (1) Protection of public health and the environment, (2) Economic/financial affordability and (3) Social/cultural appropriateness. These criteria are elaborated and a framework for achieving integrated waste management suggested.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Environmental Science
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