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qPCR assays for sensitive and rapid detection of Quambalaria species from plant tissues

Duong, H.T.ORCID: 0000-0001-6183-6141, Williams, B., White, D., Burgess, T.I.ORCID: 0000-0002-7962-219X and Hardy, G.E.St.J. (2022) qPCR assays for sensitive and rapid detection of Quambalaria species from plant tissues. Plant Disease, 106 (1). pp. 107-113.

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Several species from the genus Quambalaria (order Microstromatales) cause diseases on eucalypts (Eucalyptus and related genera) both in plantations and natural ecosystems. We developed real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays to rapidly detect and distinguish five Quambalaria species. The design of the species-specific qPCR assay for each species, Q. pitereka (PIT), Q. coyrecup (COR), Q. cyanescens (CYN), Q. pusilla (PUS), and Q. eucalypti (EUC), was based on the ITS region and was evaluated for specificity and sensitivity. The PIT, COR, and CYN qPCR assays could amplify as little as 10 fg µl−1 from pure cultures, whereas PUS and EUC qPCR assays could amplify 100 fg µl−1 of their target species. The PIT, COR, and CYN qPCR assays were further validated using naturally and artificially infected samples of their plant host Corymbia calophylla. These assays will be used for rapid diagnostics and future experiments on the infection process.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Harry Butler Institute
Publisher: American Phytopathological Society
Copyright: © 2022 The American Phytopathological Society
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