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Intralesional bone marrow and superior check desmotomy is superior to conservative treatment of equine superficial digital flexor tendonitis

Murphy, D.J., Kö‐Peternelj, V. and Aleri, J.W. (2022) Intralesional bone marrow and superior check desmotomy is superior to conservative treatment of equine superficial digital flexor tendonitis. Equine Veterinary Journal . Early View.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1111/evj.13553
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Abstract

Background

Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) injury is common in racehorses and a significant cause of lost training days and wastage in the industry.

Objectives

To compare the post-injury performance of Thoroughbred and Standardbred racehorses diagnosed with SDFT tendonitis treated with intralesional bone marrow and superior check desmotomy or managed conservatively and further to compare this performance with that of uninjured racehorses.
Study design

Retrospective and case-controlled.

Methods

Medical and race records of racehorses treated surgically or managed conservatively for SDFT tendonitis were collated. Signalment, lesion severity and treatment were identified and performance post-injury compared. Performance of the treatment groups was further assessed by comparison with uninjured racehorses matched for age, sex, number of starts pre-injury and randomly selected from the cases' last races.

Results

The study population comprised 114 racehorses divided into surgical (39/114), conservative (38/114) and control groups (37/114). Horses that had surgery were more likely to return to racing than those managed conservatively (OR 4.7 95% CI [1.6-14.3], P = .006). Standardbreds were more likely to return to race compared with Thoroughbreds (OR 4.0 95% CI [1.2-13.3], P = .03). There was no statistically significant difference in the average number of placings, average number of wins and post-injury earnings between the surgically treated and conservatively managed groups (P = .9, P = .9 and P = .7, respectively). The average number of lifetime starts post-injury/post-selection between surgery, conservative and control groups were not statistically significantly different (P = .2). Surgically treated horses had a statistically significantly shorter time to start post-injury compared with the conservative group (P = .04).

Main limitations

The retrospective nature of the study precludes an actual fit as a nonrandomised clinical trial and the nonrandomised nature of the allocation of the treatment groups is biased.

Conclusions

Surgical intervention of superficial digital flexor tendonitis in racehorses suffering flexor tendon injury showed a higher likelihood of return to racing than conservative treatment.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Veterinary Medicine
Publisher: Equine Veterinary Journal Ltd.
Copyright: © 2022 British Equine Veterinary Association
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/63653
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