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Allelic richness and diversity in global composite collection and reference sets in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Upadhyaya, H.D., Dwivedi, S.L., Baum, M., Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131, Udupa, S.M., Gowda, C.L.L., Prasanth, V., Furman, B.J., Hoisington, D.A., Chandra, S. and Singh, S. (2008) Allelic richness and diversity in global composite collection and reference sets in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). In: 5th International Crop Science Congress & Exhibition, 13 - 18 April 2008, International Convention Center. Jeju, Korea

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Abstract

Chickpea is the fourth largest grain legume crop globally. A composite collection of 3000 accessions was formed and genotyped using 50 SSR markers. The accessions were also field evaluated for seven qualitative traits. Analysis of 48 SSR markers data on 2915 accessions detected 1683 alleles, of which 935 were rare and 748 common. Gene diversity varied from 0.533 to 0.975. Kabuli chickpea as a group were genetically more diverse than other seed types. Several group-specific unique alleles were detected: 104 in Kabuli, 297 in desi, and 69 in wild Cicer; 114 each in West Asia and Mediterranean, 117 in South and South East Asia, and 10 in African region accessions. A genotype-based reference set captured 1315 alleles compared to 1237 alleles in the reference set based on qualitative traits or 1354 alleles based on SSRs and qualitative traits data. The relative usefulness of these reference sets in chickpea breeding and genomics studies are being further investigated.

Item Type: Conference Paper
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/63586
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