Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Homogenising the design criteria of a community battery energy storage for better grid integration

Hayat, M.A., Shahnia, F.ORCID: 0000-0002-8434-0525, Shafiullah, GM.ORCID: 0000-0002-2211-184X and Samu, R. (2022) Homogenising the design criteria of a community battery energy storage for better grid integration. Sustainability, 14 (2). Article 733.

PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview
Free to read:
*No subscription required


Historically, minimum system demand has usually occurred overnight. However, in recent years, the increased penetration of rooftop photovoltaic systems (RPVs) has caused an even lower demand at midday, forcing some of the conventional generators to shut down only hours before the evening peak demand period. This further complicates the job of power system operators, who need to run the conventional generator at the minimum stable level at the midday low-demand period so that they can reliably supply power during the peak periods. Employing a community battery storage system can alleviate some of the technical issues caused by the high penetration of RPVs. This paper proposed a design criterion for community battery energy storage systems and employed the battery for the improvement of the duck curve profile and providing the desired level of peak-shaving. Furthermore, remote communities with high penetration of RPVs with a community battery energy storage can achieve the desired level of self-sufficiency. To this end, this study recommends and confirms an applicable design criterion for community battery energy storage. The study shows that the suitable size of community battery storage should be based on the community’s daily excess generation and consumption requirements. The results of various scenarios performed on the proposed design criterion show the extent to which the desired objectives of peak-shaving, duck curve mitigation, and self-sufficiency can be achieved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Engineering and Energy
Publisher: MDPI
Copyright: © 2022 by the authors
Item Control Page Item Control Page


Downloads per month over past year