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Finding genetically-supported drug targets for Parkinson’s disease using Mendelian randomization of the druggable genome

Storm, C.S., Kia, D.A., Almramhi, M.M., Bandrés-Ciga, S., Finan, C., Noyce, A.J., Kaiyrzhanov, R., Middlehurst, B., Tan, M., Houlden, H., Morris, H.R., Plun-Favreau, H., Holmans, P., Hardy, J., Trabzuni, D., Quinn, J., Bubb, V., Mok, K.Y., Kinghorn, K.J., Lewis, P., Schreglmann, S.R., Lovering, R., R’Bibo, L., Manzoni, C., Rizig, M., Ryten, M., Guelfi, S., Escott-Price, V., Chelban, V., Foltynie, T., Williams, N., Morrison, K.E., Clarke, C., Harvey, K., Jacobs, B.M., Brice, A., Danjou, F., Lesage, S., Corvol, J-C, Martinez, M., Schulte, C., Brockmann, K., Simón-Sánchez, J., Heutink, P., Rizzu, P., Sharma, M., Gasser, T., Schneider, S.A., Cookson, M.R., Blauwendraat, C., Craig, D.W., Billingsley, K., Makarious, M.B., Narendra, D.P., Faghri, F., Gibbs, J.R., Hernandez, D.G., Van Keuren-Jensen, K., Shulman, J.M., Iwaki, H., Leonard, H.L., Nalls, M.A., Robak, L., Bras, J., Guerreiro, R., Lubbe, S., Troycoco, T., Finkbeiner, S., Mencacci, N.E., Lungu, C., Singleton, A.B., Scholz, S.W., Reed, X., Uitti, R.J., Ross, O.A., Grenn, F.P., Moore, A., Alcalay, R.N., Wszolek, Z.K., Gan-Or, Z., Rouleau, G.A., Krohn, L., Mufti, K., van Hilten, J.J., Marinus, J., Adarmes-Gómez, A.D., Aguilar, M., Alvarez, I., Alvarez, V., Barrero, F.J., Yarza, J.A.B., Bernal-Bernal, I., Blazquez, M., Bonilla-Toribio, M., Botía, J.A., Boungiorno, M.T., Buiza-Rueda, D., Cámara, A., Carrillo, F., Carrión-Claro, M., Cerdan, D., Clarimón, J., Compta, Y., Diez-Fairen, M., Dols-Icardo, O., Duarte, J., Duran, R., Escamilla-Sevilla, F., Ezquerra, M., Feliz, C., Fernández, M., Fernández-Santiago, R., Garcia, C., García-Ruiz, P., Gómez-Garre, P., Heredia, M.J.G., Gonzalez-Aramburu, I., Pagola, A.G., Hoenicka, J., Infante, J., Jesús, S., Jimenez-Escrig, A., Kulisevsky, J., Labrador-Espinosa, M.A., Lopez-Sendon, J.L., de Munain Arregui, A.L., Macias, D., Torres, I.M., Marín, J., Marti, M.J., Martínez-Castrillo, J.C., Méndez-del-Barrio, C., González, M.M., Mata, M., Mínguez, A., Mir, P., Rezola, E.M., Muñoz, E., Pagonabarraga, J., Pastor, P., Errazquin, F.P., Periñán-Tocino, T., Ruiz-Martínez, J., Ruz, C., Rodriguez, A.S., Sierra, M., Suarez-Sanmartin, E., Tabernero, C., Tartari, J.P., Tejera-Parrado, C., Tolosa, E., Valldeoriola, F., Vargas-González, L., Vela, L., Vives, F., Zimprich, A., Pihlstrom, L., Toft, M., Taba, P., Kõks, S., Hassin-Baer, S., Majamaa, K., Siitonen, A., Tienari, P., Okubadejo, N.U., Ojo, O.O., Shashkin, C., Zharkinbekova, N., Akhmetzhanov, V., Kaishybayeva, G., Karimova, A., Khaibullin, T., Lynch, T.L., Hingorani, A.D. and Wood, N.W. (2021) Finding genetically-supported drug targets for Parkinson’s disease using Mendelian randomization of the druggable genome. Nature Communications, 12 (1). Art. 7342.

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Free to read: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-26280-1
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Abstract

Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative movement disorder that currently has no disease-modifying treatment, partly owing to inefficiencies in drug target identification and validation. We use Mendelian randomization to investigate over 3,000 genes that encode druggable proteins and predict their efficacy as drug targets for Parkinson’s disease. We use expression and protein quantitative trait loci to mimic exposure to medications, and we examine the causal effect on Parkinson’s disease risk (in two large cohorts), age at onset and progression. We propose 23 drug-targeting mechanisms for Parkinson’s disease, including four possible drug repurposing opportunities and two drugs which may increase Parkinson’s disease risk. Of these, we put forward six drug targets with the strongest Mendelian randomization evidence. There is remarkably little overlap between our drug targets to reduce Parkinson’s disease risk versus progression, suggesting different molecular mechanisms. Drugs with genetic support are considerably more likely to succeed in clinical trials, and we provide compelling genetic evidence and an analysis pipeline to prioritise Parkinson’s disease drug development.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Molecular Medicine and Innovative Therapeutics (CMMIT)
Publisher: Springer Nature
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors.
Other Information: Sulev Koks appears courtesy of the International Parkinson’s Disease Genomics Consortium (IPDGC)
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/63445
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