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Examining the effects of calorie restriction on testosterone concentrations in men: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Smith, S.J., Teo, S.Y.M., Lopresti, A.L.ORCID: 0000-0002-6409-7839, Heritage, B.ORCID: 0000-0002-6437-7232 and Fairchild, T.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-3975-2213 (2021) Examining the effects of calorie restriction on testosterone concentrations in men: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition Reviews . nuab072.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuab072
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Abstract

Context
Testosterone concentrations decline with age, and lower testosterone concentrations are associated with several morbidities, including sexual dysfunction, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and metabolic syndrome.

Objective
Because dietary habits play a critical role in weight regulation and T2DM management, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize and critically evaluate the evidence from randomized controlled trials to determine the effects of calorie restriction (CR) on testosterone concentrations in men.

Data Sources
A literature search was conducted across 4 databases, from their inception until March 2020.

Data Extraction
The screening and data extraction were completed by 2 authors independently, and in a blinded manner, according to a priori inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Data Analysis
Of the 4198 studies identified from the initial search, 7 randomized controlled trials were included for data extraction. Significant increases in total testosterone concentrations were reported in 3 of 4 studies in which CR was examined with overweight or obese men, compared with the control groups. Significant decreases in total testosterone concentrations were reported in 2 of 3 studies in which the effects of CR were examined with normal-weight, healthy men, compared with the control groups. In all 4 studies that examined the effect of CR on sex hormone–binding globulin concentrations, the intervention significantly increased sex hormone–binding globulin concentrations compared with that of the control groups irrespective of body composition.

Conclusion
This systematic review and meta-analysis provide some evidence that CR affects testosterone concentrations in men and this effect depends on their body mass index. PROSPERO registration no. CRD42020173102

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education
Publisher: Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Life Sciences Institute
Copyright: © The Author(s) 2021
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/63303
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