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Translational Chickpea Genomics Consortium to accelerate genetic gains in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Palakurthi, R., Jayalakshmi, V., Kumar, Y., Kulwal, P., Yasin, M., Kute, N.S., Laxuman, C., Yeri, S., Vemula, A., Rathore, A., Samineni, S., Soren, K.R., Mondal, B., Dixit, G.P., Bharadwaj, C., Chaturvedi, S.K., Gaur, P.M., Roorkiwal, M., Thudi, M., Singh, N.P. and Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 (2021) Translational Chickpea Genomics Consortium to accelerate genetic gains in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Plants, 10 (12). Article 2583.

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The Translational Chickpea Genomics Consortium (TCGC) was set up to increase the production and productivity of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). It represents research institutes from six major chickpea growing states (Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh) of India. The TCGC team has been engaged in deploying modern genomics approaches in breeding and popularizing improved varieties in farmers’ fields across the states. Using marker-assisted backcrossing, introgression lines with enhanced drought tolerance and fusarium wilt resistance have been developed in the genetic background of 10 elite varieties of chickpea. Multi-location evaluation of 100 improved lines (70 desi and 30 kabuli) during 2016–2017 and 2018–2019 enabled the identification of top performing desi and kabuli lines. In total, 909 Farmer Participatory Varietal Selection trials were conducted in 158 villages in 16 districts of the five states, during 2017–2018, 2018–2019, and 2019–2020, involving 16 improved varieties. New molecular breeding lines developed in different genetic backgrounds are potential candidates for national trials under the ICAR-All India Coordinated Research Project on Chickpea. The comprehensive efforts of TCGC resulted in the development and adoption of high-yielding varieties that will increase chickpea productivity and the profitability of chickpea growing farmers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Crop and Food Innovation
Food Futures Institute
Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre
Publisher: MDPI
Copyright: © 2021 by the authors
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