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Intra- and intertumoral heterogeneity of liver metastases in a patient with uveal melanoma revealed by single-cell RNA sequencing

Lin, W., Beasley, A.B., Ardakani, N.M., Denisenko, E., Calapre, L., Jones, M., Wood, B.A., Warburton, L., Forrest, A.R.R. and Gray, E.S. (2021) Intra- and intertumoral heterogeneity of liver metastases in a patient with uveal melanoma revealed by single-cell RNA sequencing. Molecular Case Studies, 7 (5). Art. a006111.

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Tumor heterogeneity is a major obstacle to the success of cancer treatment. An accurate understanding and recognition of tumor heterogeneity is critical in the clinical management of cancer patients. Here, we utilized single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to uncover the intra- and intertumoral heterogeneity of liver metastases from a patient with metastatic uveal melanoma. The two metastases analyzed were largely infiltrated by noncancerous cells with significant variability in the proportion of different cell types. Analysis of copy-number variations (CNVs) showed gain of 8q and loss of 6q in both tumors, but loss of Chromosome 3 was only detected in one of the tumors. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array revealed a uniparental isodisomy 3 in the tumor with two copies of Chromosome 3, indicating a regain of Chromosome 3 during the development of the metastatic disease. In addition, both tumors harbored subclones with additional CNVs. Pathway enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes revealed that cancer cells in the metastasis with isodisomy 3 showed up-regulation in epithelial–mesenchymal transition and myogenesis related genes. In contrast, up-regulation in interferon signaling was observed in the metastasis with monosomy 3 and increased T-cell infiltrate. This study highlights the complexity and heterogeneity of different metastases within an individual case of uveal melanoma.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education
Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Copyright: © 2021 Lin et al.
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