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Features and applications of haplotypes in crop breeding

Bhat, J.A., Yu, D., Bohra, A., Ganie, S.A. and Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 (2021) Features and applications of haplotypes in crop breeding. Communications Biology, 4 (1). Art. 1266.

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Climate change with altered pest-disease dynamics and rising abiotic stresses threatens resource-constrained agricultural production systems worldwide. Genomics-assisted breeding (GAB) approaches have greatly contributed to enhancing crop breeding efficiency and delivering better varieties. Fast-growing capacity and affordability of DNA sequencing has motivated large-scale germplasm sequencing projects, thus opening exciting avenues for mining haplotypes for breeding applications. This review article highlights ways to mine haplotypes and apply them for complex trait dissection and in GAB approaches including haplotype-GWAS, haplotype-based breeding, haplotype-assisted genomic selection. Improvement strategies that efficiently deploy superior haplotypes to hasten breeding progress will be key to safeguarding global food security.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Centre for Crop and Food Innovation
Food Futures Institute
Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre
Publisher: Springer Nature
Copyright: © 2021Bhat et al.
United Nations SDGs: Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
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