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Preparation and characterization of waxy maize starch nanoparticles via hydrochloric acid vapor hydrolysis combined with ultrasonication treatment

Zhou, L., He, X., Ji, N., Dai, L., Li, Y., Yang, J., Xiong, L. and Sun, Q. (2021) Preparation and characterization of waxy maize starch nanoparticles via hydrochloric acid vapor hydrolysis combined with ultrasonication treatment. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 80 . Art. 105836.

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Free to read: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2021.105836
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Abstract

The objective of this work was to develop a simple and efficient method to prepare waxy maize starch nanoparticles (SNPs) by hydrochloric acid (HCl) vapor hydrolysis combined with ultrasonication treatment. The size, morphology, thermal property, and crystal structure of the SNPs were systematically studied. HCl treatment introduces a smaller particle diameter of starch particles from 13.73 ± 0.93 μm to 1.52 ± 0.01–8.32 ± 0.63 μm. Further ultrasonication treatment formed SNPs that displayed desirable uniformity and near-perfect spherical and ellipsoidal shapes with a diameter of 150.65 ± 1.91–292.85 ± 0.07 nm. The highest yield of SNPs was 80.5%. Compared with the native starch, the gelatinization enthalpy changes of SNPs significantly decreased from 14.65 ± 1.58 J/g to 7.40 ± 1.27 J/g. Interestingly, the SNPs showed a wider melting temperature range of 22.77 ± 2.35 °C than native starch (10.94 ± 0.87 °C). The relative crystallinity of SNPs decreased to 29.65%, while long-time ultrasonication resulted in amorphization. HCl vapor hydrolysis combined with ultrasonication treatment can be an affordable and accessible method for the efficient large-scale production of SNPs. The SNPs developed by this method will have potential applications in the food, materials, and medicine industries.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/62951
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