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Light-emitting dendrimer:exciplex host-based solution-processed white organic light-emitting diodes

Saghaei, J., Koodalingam, M., Burn, P.L., Pivrikas, A. and Shaw, P.E. (2022) Light-emitting dendrimer:exciplex host-based solution-processed white organic light-emitting diodes. Organic Electronics, 100 . Art. 106389.

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Solution-processed monochrome and white organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) that have a light-emitting layer composed of a 4,4′,4″-tris(carbazol-9-yl)triphenylamine (TCTA) and (5-terphenyl-1,3-phenylene)bis(diphenylphosphine oxide) (POPH) exciplex host and soluble blue, green and/or red phosphorescent dendrimers have been fabricated and characterised. The OLED performance characteristics were found to be scan dependent, with the first scans having large external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) at low luminance, with subsequent scans showing stable performance. The monochrome (blue, green and red) films were found to have high photoluminescence quantum yields, relatively balanced hole and electron mobilities, and the OLEDs had stable EQEs of between 9 and 12% at 100 cd m−2 over multiple scans. The blue, green and red emissive materials were blended with the exciplex host, with their ratio tuned to achieve white emission. The optimal blend ratio provided white OLEDs that had EQEs of 11.7% and 10.6% at 100 cd m−2 and 1000 cd m−2, respectively. The best balance of 1931 Commission Internationale d'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates (0.40,0.40), Colour Rendering Index (70), and Delta uv (0.003) was achieved for an OLED with the light-emitting layer containing the blue, green and red dendrimers in a ratio of 20.0:0.4:0.8 wt%. A feature of the white OLEDs was the stability of the CIE coordinates, with a change of only (0.013,0.005) between a luminance of 100 cd m−2 and 4000 cd m−2.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Mathematics, Statistics, Chemistry and Physics
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier B.V.
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