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ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Bornaviridae

Rubbenstroth, D., Briese, T., Dürrwald, R., Horie (堀江真行), M., Hyndman, T.H., Kuhn, J.H., Nowotny, N., Payne, S., Stenglein, M.D. and Tomonaga (朝長啓造), K. (2021) ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Bornaviridae. Journal of General Virology, 102 (7). Art. 0001613.

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Members of the family Bornaviridae produce enveloped virions containing a linear negative-sense non-segmented RNA genome of about 9 kb. Bornaviruses are found in mammals, birds, reptiles and fish. The most-studied viruses with public health and veterinary impact are Borna disease virus 1 and variegated squirrel bornavirus 1, both of which cause fatal encephalitis in humans. Several orthobornaviruses cause neurological and intestinal disorders in birds, mostly parrots. Endogenous bornavirus-like sequences occur in the genomes of various animals. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Bornaviridae, which is available at

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Veterinary Medicine
Publisher: Society for General Microbiology
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors.
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