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Discrete component prognosis for hybrid systems under intermittent faults

Xiao, C., Yu, M., Zhang, B., Wang, H.ORCID: 0000-0003-2789-9530 and Jiang, C. (2021) Discrete component prognosis for hybrid systems under intermittent faults. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, 18 (4). pp. 1766-1777.

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Prognosis of discrete component with intermittent fault in hybrid systems is challenging since the component has only two states (i.e., ON and OFF) and no associated physical parameter in the model can quantify the degradation. This article aims to solve the discrete component prognosis problem under the model-based paradigm. First, the fault detection and isolation module help find the possible faulty discrete components. Based on the isolated possible faulty discrete components, Levy flight biogeography-based optimization is proposed to identify the faulty discrete component states, as well as the fault appearing and fault disappearing instants. Second, a Weibull function-based degradation model which can capture the duration evolution of intermittent fault of discrete component in observation window (OW) is developed using coordinate reconstruction approach, and the degradation model coefficients can be calculated from the fault identification results. After that, the concept of failure threshold for faulty discrete component is defined based on the ratio of fault duration to OW, which enables the prognosis of intermittent fault in discrete component. Finally, the proposed methodologies are validated by experiment results. Note to Practitioners —This article is motivated by the intermittent fault prognosis problem of discrete components (e.g., relays and hydraulic valves) in hybrid systems. Existing fault prognosis researches do not consider discrete component which is an important part of hybrid systems. For the intermittent fault prognosis of discrete component, the observation window (OW) concept and coordinate reconstruction (CR) method are proposed to establish the degradation model, and the ratio of fault duration to OW is used to define the failure threshold of discrete component. To show the effectiveness of the proposed methods, an application on a hybrid circuit system is considered. It is noted that the degradation pattern (e.g., increase of frequency or duration of intermittent fault) of discrete components may vary in different systems, while the degradation process can be quantified by the OW and CR methods developed in this article, which enables the prognosis of intermittent fault in discrete component for various hybrid industrial systems. The proposed approach can be applied to industrial hybrid systems if the following conditions are satisfied: 1) the hybrid bond graph model of the monitored system can be established, based on which the fault detection and isolation can be implemented and 2) the monitored system contains multiple discrete components suffering from intermittent faults whose appearing and disappearing instants can be identified by certain method.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Engineering and Energy
Publisher: IEEE
Copyright: © 2021 IEEE.
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