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Role of the J domain protein family in the survival and pathogenesis of plasmodium falciparum

Dutta, T., Pesce, E-R, Maier, A.G. and Blatch, G.L. (2021) Role of the J domain protein family in the survival and pathogenesis of plasmodium falciparum. In: Shonhai, A., Picard, D. and Blatch, G.L., (eds.) Heat Shock Proteins of Malaria. Springer, Cham, pp. 97-123.

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Plasmodium falciparum has dedicated an unusually large proportion of its genome to molecular chaperones (2% of all genes), with the heat shock protein 40 (Hsp40) family (now called J domain proteins, JDPs) exhibiting evolutionary radiation into 49 members. A large number of the P. falciparum JDPs (PfJDPs) are predicted to be exported, with certain members shown experimentally to be present in the erythrocyte cytosol (PFA0660w and PFE0055c) or erythrocyte membrane (ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen, RESA). PFA0660w and PFE0055c are associated with an exported plasmodial Hsp70 (PfHsp70-x) within novel mobile structures called J-dots, which have been proposed to be dedicated to the trafficking of key membrane proteins such as erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1). Well over half of the PfJDPs appear to be essential, including the J-dot PfJDP, PFE0055c, while others have been found to be required for growth under febrile conditions (e.g. PFA0110w, the ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen protein [RESA]) or involved in pathogenesis (e.g. PF10_0381 has been shown to be important for protrusions of the infected red blood cell membrane, the so-called knobs). Here we review what is known about those PfJDPs that have been well characterised, and may be directly or indirectly involved in the survival and pathogenesis of the malaria parasite.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Institute for Immunology and Infectious Diseases
Publisher: Springer, Cham
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Other Information: Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1340)
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