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Understanding of blockchain-based identity management system adoption in the public sector

Sung, C.S. and Park, J.Y. (2021) Understanding of blockchain-based identity management system adoption in the public sector. Journal of Enterprise Information Management . ahead-of-print.

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This study aims to understand the benefits and challenges associated with the adoption of a blockchain-based identity management system in public services by conducting an academic literature review, and to explore the design of such a system that can be applied to the Korean government.


This study explores the adoption of a blockchain-based identity management system using a literature review and an actual design case intended for use by the government sector.


Blockchain-based identity management systems can significantly improve transparency, accountability, and reliability in the user control of one's own data while reducing the time and cost needed to deliver public services, as well as increasing administrative efficiency. However, it is not always easy to implement such systems, and introducing new technologies in the government field requires a complicated, time-consuming process. There is currently an appetite for research extending beyond the typical technology-driven approach to elucidate the government adoption of new technologies and explore its implications.

Practical implications

The idea behind this system is that by storing and managing personal information on the blockchain and providing mobile apps to customers, users can log in or retrieve previously authenticated personal information without having to go through an authentication process. Since users do not need to go through the verification process every time, it is expected that they will be able to access only the necessary personal information more quickly and conveniently without having to deal with unnecessary details. In addition, the blockchain-based operation of a public service effectively increases the transparency and reliability of that service and reduces the social costs caused by personal information leakage.


This study introduces the design of a blockchain-based identity management system that can be used in public services, specifically in the Korean government sector for the first time. Along with a literature review, the implications that this study gleans from these real-world use cases can contribute to this field of research.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): IT, Media and Communications
Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright: © 2021 Emerald Publishing Limited
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