Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

What motivates teenagers to comply with security guidelines?

Mwagwabi, F. and Jiow, H.J. (2019) What motivates teenagers to comply with security guidelines? In: 30th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, 9-11 December 2019, Perth, Western Australia

Free to read:
*No subscription required


We examined factors that inspire teenagers to comply with cyber security guidelines. We used protection motivation theory (PMT), and extended the model to include personal norms and normative beliefs. For teenage computer users, believing they are susceptible to hacking or that the consequences of being hacked would be severe, had no bearing on their password choices. This is an interesting finding highlighting a potential difference between adults and teenagers. We found personal norms is a better predictor of teenagers’ security behaviour than PMT’s threat perceptions. This is an important finding which opens new avenues for future research, particularly in explaining teenagers’ security behaviour. This study contributes to finding ways to improve security practices at an early age. To the best of our knowledge this is the first password security study that applies PMT to examine security behaviours in teenagers.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Information Technology, Mathematics and Statistics
Copyright: © 2019 Mwagwabi & Jiow
United Nations SDGs: Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
Item Control Page Item Control Page


Downloads per month over past year