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Transcriptome signature of liver tissue with divergent mutton odour and flavour using RNA deep sequencing

Gunawan, A., Jakaria, ., Listyarini, K., Furqon, A., Sumantri, C., Akter, S.H. and Uddin, M.J. (2018) Transcriptome signature of liver tissue with divergent mutton odour and flavour using RNA deep sequencing. Gene, 676 . pp. 86-94.

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Mutton consumption is less popular in many Asian countries including Indonesia, whose consumers often complain about the unpleasant flavour and odour of the meat. The main causes of mutton odour are the two compounds of branched chain fatty acid (BCFA): methylnonanoic (MNA), phenol, 3-methyl (MP), 4-methylnonanoic (MNA) and 4-ethyloctanoic (EOA) present in all the adipose tissue; and the 3-methylindole (MI) or skatole and indole, which are originated from pastoral diets. It is crucial to understand the genetic mechanism of mutton odour and flavour (MOF) to select sheep for lower BCFA and indole thus reduce the unpleasant flavour of meat. The aim of the present study was to investigate transcriptome profiling in liver tissue with divergent MOF using RNA deep sequencing. Liver tissues from higher (n = 3) and lower (n = 3) MOF sheep were analysed using Illumina HiSeq 2500. The total number of reads produced for each liver sample ranged from 21.37 to 25.37 million. Approximately 103 genes were differentially expressed (DEGs) with significance level of p-adjusted value <0.05. Among them, 60 genes were up-regulated, and 43 were down-regulated (p < 0.01, FC > 1.5) in higher MOF group. Differentially regulated genes in high MOF liver samples were enriched in biological processes such as cellular response to chemical stimulus and endogenous stimulus; cellular components such as such as basement membrane and extracellular matrix; and molecular functions such as haeme binding and oxidoreductase activity. Among the DEGs, metabolic phase I related genes belonging to the cytochrome P450 CYP2A6 were dominantly expressed. Additionally, phase II conjugation genes including UDP glucuronosyltransferases UGT2B18, sulfotransferase SULT1C1, and glutathione S-transferase GSTM1 were identified. The dominant candidate genes for SOF could be cytochrome P450, sodium-channel protein, transmembrane protein, glutathione transferase, UDP glucuronosyltransferases and sulfotransferase. Pathway analysis identified steroid hormone biosynthesis and chemical carcinogenesis by cytochrome P450 pathways which may play important roles in MOF-related molecules metabolism. This work highlighted potential genes and gene-networks that may affect meat off flavour and odour in sheep.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.
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