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ICPH 2671 – the world's first commercial food legume hybrid

Saxena, K.B., Kumar, R.V., Tikle, A.N., Saxena, M.K., Gautam, V.S., Rao, S.K., Khare, D.K., Chauhan, Y.S., Saxena, R.K., Reddy, B.V.S., Sharma, D., Reddy, L.J., Green, J.M., Faris, D.G., Nene, Y.L., Mula, M., Sultana, R., Srivastava, R.K., Gowda, C.L.L., Sawargaonkar, S.L., Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 and Gupta, P. (2013) ICPH 2671 – the world's first commercial food legume hybrid. Plant Breeding, 132 (5). pp. 479-485.

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ICRISAT scientists, working with Indian programme counterparts, developed the world's first cytoplasmic-nuclear male sterility (CMS)-based commercial hybrid in a food legume, the pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. The CMS, in combination with natural outcrossing of the crop, was used to develop viable hybrid breeding technology. Hybrid ICPH 2671 recorded 47% superiority for grain yield over the control variety ‘Maruti’ in multilocation on-station testing for 4 years. In the on-farm trials conducted in five Indian states, mean yield of this hybrid (1396 kg/ha) was 46.5% greater than that of the popular cv. ‘Maruti’ (953 kg/ha). Hybrid ICPH 2671 also exhibited high levels of resistance to Fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic diseases. The outstanding performance of this hybrid has led to its release for cultivation in India by both a private seed company (as ‘Pushkal’) and a public sector university (as ‘RV ICPH 2671’). Recent developments in hybrid breeding technology and high yield advantages realized in farmers' fields have given hope for a breakthrough in pigeonpea productivity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Copyright: © 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH
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