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Functional genomics to study stress responses in crop legumes: progress and prospects

Kudapa, H., Ramalingam, A., Nayakoti, S., Chen, X., Zhuang, W-J, Liang, X., Kahl, G., Edwards, D. and Varshney, R.K.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131 (2013) Functional genomics to study stress responses in crop legumes: progress and prospects. Functional Plant Biology, 40 (12). p. 1221.

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Legumes are important food crops worldwide, contributing to more than 33% of human dietary protein. The production of crop legumes is frequently impacted by abiotic and biotic stresses. It is therefore important to identify genes conferring resistance to biotic stresses and tolerance to abiotic stresses that can be used to both understand molecular mechanisms of plant response to the environment and to accelerate crop improvement. Recent advances in genomics offer a range of approaches such as the sequencing of genomes and transcriptomes, gene expression microarray as well as RNA-seq based gene expression profiling, and map-based cloning for the identification and isolation of biotic and abiotic stress-responsive genes in several crop legumes. These candidate stress associated genes should provide insights into the molecular mechanisms of stress tolerance and ultimately help to develop legume varieties with improved stress tolerance and productivity under adverse conditions. This review provides an overview on recent advances in the functional genomics of crop legumes that includes the discovery as well as validation of candidate genes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Copyright: © 2013 H. Kudapa et al.
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