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Resistance in chickpea to Ascochyta rabiei is conferred by genes encoding pathogen recognition and other genes in basic defense pathways

Prabhakaran, R., Varshney, R.ORCID: 0000-0002-4562-9131, Gali, K., Sharpe, A. and Buchwaldt, L. (2014) Resistance in chickpea to Ascochyta rabiei is conferred by genes encoding pathogen recognition and other genes in basic defense pathways. In: 6th International Food Legume Research Conference/7th International Conference on Legume Genetics and Genomics, 7 - 11 July 2014, TCU Place Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Abstract

This study examines the molecular basis of resistance to Ascochyta rabiei in chickpea. An inter-specific population of RIL derived from C. arietinum ICC4958 x C. reticulatum PI489777 was used to develop a high-density linkage map consisting of 1328 SNP and SSR markers. Progenies were inoculated separately with two isolates from Canada and one from Syria using a detached leaf-assay. This allowed an accurate record of lesion development over time that was used to calculate the area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC). The parental lines interacted differentially with the isolates as AUDPC were 20.6, 9.3 and 4.4 in ICC4958 compared to 2.0, 3.2 and 9.3 in PI489777. Ten quantitative resistance loci (QRL) explained 5 to 26% of the phenotypic variation. The two parents contributed to resistance at different loci. Each QRL interacted with a single isolate, except one that interacted with two isolates. Since a portion of the SNP markers were designed in exonic sequences a search of GenBank and Medicago data bases revealed annotated gene function. A major discovery was a match of SNP markers at six QRL with genes encoding serine/threonine kinase proteins involved in pathogen recognition, innate immune response, programmed cell death and signal transduction. Genes at the remaining QRL were associated with well known basic defense pathways such as thaumatin, chalcone-stilbene, peroxidase and ethylene. Evidence suggest that recognition of A. rabiei results in qualitative disease phenotypes seen in some studies, while the quantitative nature of resistance in other studies might be a result of activation of additional networks of basic defense pathways.

Item Type: Conference Item
Other Information: Poster presentation
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/62228
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