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Major depression and generalised anxiety disorder: An analysis of the effects of remission status and comorbidity on mother‐infant emotional availability in the perinatal period

Aran, P., Lewis, A.ORCID: 0000-0002-2519-7976, Watson, S.ORCID: 0000-0001-7228-3490 and Galbally, M.ORCID: 0000-0003-3909-1918 (2021) Major depression and generalised anxiety disorder: An analysis of the effects of remission status and comorbidity on mother‐infant emotional availability in the perinatal period. Journal of Clinical Psychology . Early View.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.23235
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Abstract

Background

The effects of maternal depression on mother-infant relationship quality likely vary according to depression heterogeneity. We investigated the effects of different presentations of major depression on mother-infant emotional availability (EA).

Methods

Data were obtained from 115 mother-infant dyads from a longitudinal pregnancy cohort. Disorders, symptoms, and antidepressant use were assessed in pregnancy and postpartum, and EA was observed 6-month postpartum. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-5. A series of multivariate analyses of covariance analyses' examining the effects of disorder on EA were conducted.

Results

After controlling for maternal age, antidepressant use, and postpartum depressive symptoms, MDD accounted for 20% of the variance in EA. In the MDD/GAD group, 93% of interactions were rated as emotionally unavailable, nearly threefold the comparison group rate.

Conclusions

Findings demonstrate that different presentations of major depression are associated with observed differences in mother-infant EA.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Psychology, Counselling, Exercise Science and Chiropractic
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright: © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/61907
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