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A multi-country test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic

Wang, K., Goldenberg, A., Dorison, C.A., Miller, J.K., Uusberg, A., Lerner, J.S., Gross, J.J., Agesin, B.B., Bernardo, M., Campos, O., Eudave, L., Grzech, K., Ozery, D.H., Jackson, E.A., Garcia, E.O.L., Drexler, S.M., Jurković, A.P., Rana, K., Wilson, J.P., Antoniadi, M., Desai, K., Gialitaki, Z., Kushnir, E., Nadif, K., Bravo, O.N., Nauman, R., Oosterlinck, M., Pantazi, M., Pilecka, N., Szabelska, A., van Steenkiste, I.M.M., Filip, K., Bozdoc, A.I., Marcu, G.M., Agadullina, E., Adamkovič, M., Roczniewska, M., Reyna, C., Kassianos, A.P., Westerlund, M., Ahlgren, L., Pöntinen, S., Adetula, G.A., Dursun, P., Arinze, A.I., Arinze, N.C., Ogbonnaya, C.E., Ndukaihe, I.L.G., Dalgar, I., Akkas, H., Macapagal, P.M., Lewis, S., Metin-Orta, I., Foroni, F., Willis, M., Santos, A.C., Mokady, A., Reggev, N., Kurfali, M.A., Vasilev, M.R., Nock, N.L., Parzuchowski, M., Espinoza Barría, M.F., Vranka, M., Kohlová, M.B., Ropovik, I., Harutyunyan, M., Wang, C., Yao, E., Becker, M., Manunta, E., Kaminski, G., Marko, D., Evans, K., Lewis, D.M.G., Findor, A., Landry, A.T., Aruta, J.J.B., Ortiz, M.S., Vally, Z., Pronizius, E., Voracek, M., Lamm, C., Grinberg, M., Li, R., Valentova, J.V., Mioni, G., Cellini, N., Chen, S-C, Zickfeld, J., Moon, K., Azab, H., Levy, N., Karababa, A., Beaudry, J.L., Boucher, L., Collins, W.M., Todsen, A.L., van Schie, K., Vintr, J., Bavolar, J., Kaliska, L., Križanić, V., Samojlenko, L., Pourafshari, R., Geiger, S.J., Beitner, J., Warmelink, L., Ross, R.M., Stephen, I.D., Hostler, T.J., Azouaghe, S., McCarthy, R., Szala, A., Grano, C., Solorzano, C.S., Anjum, G., Jimenez-Leal, W., Bradford, M., Pérez, L.C., Cruz Vásquez, J.E., Galindo-Caballero, O.J., Vargas-Nieto, J.C., Kácha, O., Arvanitis, A., Xiao, Q., Cárcamo, R., Zorjan, S., Tajchman, Z., Vilares, I., Pavlacic, J.M., Kunst, J.R., Tamnes, C.K., von Bastian, C.C., Atari, M., Sharifian, M., Hricova, M., Kačmár, P., Schrötter, J., Rahal, R-M, Cohen, N., FatahModarres, S., Zrimsek, M., Zakharov, I., Koehn, M.A., Esteban-Serna, C., Calin-Jageman, R.J., Krafnick, A.J., Štrukelj, E., Isager, P.M., Urban, J., Silva, J.R., Martončik, M., Očovaj, S.B., Šakan, D., Kuzminska, A.O., Djordjevic, J.M., Almeida, I.A.T., Ferreira, A., Lazarevic, L.B., Manley, H., Ricaurte, D.Z., Monteiro, R.P., Etabari, Z., Musser, E., Dunleavy, D., Chou, W., Godbersen, H., Ruiz-Fernández, S., Reeck, C., Batres, C., Kirgizova, K., Muminov, A., Azevedo, F., Alvarez, D.S., Butt, M.M., Lee, J.M., Chen, Z., Verbruggen, F., Ziano, I., Tümer, M., Charyate, A.C.A., Dubrov, D., Tejada Rivera, M.d.C.M.C., Aberson, C., Pálfi, B., Maldonado, M.A., Hubena, B., Sacakli, A., Ceary, C.D., Richard, K.L., Singer, G., Perillo, J.T., Ballantyne, T., Cyrus-Lai, W., Fedotov, M., Du, H., Wielgus, M., Pit, I.L., Hruška, M., Sousa, D., Aczel, B., Szaszi, B., Adamus, S., Barzykowski, K., Micheli, L., Schmidt, N-D, Zsido, A.N., Paruzel-Czachura, M., Bialek, M., Kowal, M., Sorokowska, A., Misiak, M., Mola, D., Ortiz, M.V., Correa, P.S., Belaus, A., Muchembled, F., Ribeiro, R.R., Arriaga, P., Oliveira, R., Vaughn, L.A., Szwed, P., Kossowska, M., Czarnek, G., Kielińska, J., Antazo, B., Betlehem, R., Stieger, S., Nilsonne, G., Simonovic, N., Taber, J., Gourdon-Kanhukamwe, A., Domurat, A., Ihaya, K., Yamada, Y., Urooj, A., Gill, T., Čadek, M., Bylinina, L., Messerschmidt, J., Kurfalı, M., Adetula, A., Baklanova, E., Albayrak-Aydemir, N., Kappes, H.B., Gjoneska, B., House, T., Jones, M.V., Berkessel, J.B., Chopik, W.J., Çoksan, S., Seehuus, M., Khaoudi, A., Bokkour, A., El Arabi, K.A., Djamai, I., Iyer, A., Parashar, N., Adiguzel, A., Kocalar, H.E., Bundt, C., Norton, J.O., Papadatou-Pastou, M., De la Rosa-Gomez, A., Ankushev, V., Bogatyreva, N., Grigoryev, D., Ivanov, A., Prusova, I., Romanova, M., Sarieva, I., Terskova, M., Hristova, E., Kadreva, V.H., Janak, A., Schei, V., Sverdrup, T.E., Askelund, A.D., Pineda, L.M.S., Krupić, D., Levitan, C.A., Johannes, N., Ouherrou, N., Say, N., Sinkolova, S., Janjić, K., Stojanovska, M., Stojanovska, D., Khosla, M., Thomas, A.G., Kung, F.Y.H., Bijlstra, G., Mosannenzadeh, F., Balci, B.B., Reips, U-D, Baskin, E., Ishkhanyan, B., Czamanski-Cohen, J., Dixson, B.J.W., Moreau, D., Sutherland, C.A.M., Chuan-Peng, H., Noone, C., Flowe, H., Anne, M., Janssen, S.M.J., Topor, M., Majeed, N.M., Kunisato, Y., Yu, K., Daches, S., Hartanto, A., Vdovic, M., Anton-Boicuk, L., Forbes, P.A.G., Kamburidis, J., Marinova, E., Nedelcheva-Datsova, M., Rachev, N.R., Stoyanova, A., Schmidt, K., Suchow, J.W., Koptjevskaja-Tamm, M., Jernsäther, T., Olofsson, J.K., Bialobrzeska, O., Marszalek, M., Tatachari, S., Afhami, R., Law, W., Antfolk, J., Žuro, B., Van Doren, N., Soto, J.A., Searston, R., Miranda, J., Damnjanović, K., Yeung, S.K., Krupić, D., Hoyer, K., Jaeger, B., Ren, D., Pfuhl, G., Klevjer, K., Corral-Frías, N.S., Frias-Armenta, M., Lucas, M.Y., Torres, A.O., Toro, M., Delgado, L.G.J., Vega, D., Solas, S.Á., Vilar, R., Massoni, S., Frizzo, T., Bran, A., Vaidis, D.C., Vieira, L., Paris, B., Capizzi, M., Coelho, G.L.de.H., Greenburgh, A., Whitt, C.M., Tullett, A.M., Du, X., Volz, L., Bosma, M.J., Karaarslan, C., Sarıoğuz, E., Allred, T.B., Korbmacher, M., Colloff, M.F., Lima, T.J.S., Ribeiro, M.F.F., Verharen, J.P.H., Karekla, M., Karashiali, C., Sunami, N., Jaremka, L.M., Storage, D., Habib, S., Studzinska, A., Hanel, P.H.P., Holford, D.L., Sirota, M., Wolfe, K., Chiu, F., Theodoropoulou, A., Ahn, E.R., Lin, Y., Westgate, E.C., Brohmer, H., Hofer, G., Dujols, O., Vezirian, K., Feldman, G., Travaglino, G.A., Ahmed, A., Li, M., Bosch, J., Torunsky, N., Bai, H., Manavalan, M., Song, X., Walczak, R.B., Zdybek, P., Friedemann, M., Rosa, A.D., Kozma, L., Alves, S.G., Lins, S., Pinto, I.R., Correia, R.C., Babinčák, P., Banik, G., Rojas-Berscia, L.M., Varella, M.A.C., Uttley, J., Beshears, J.E., Thommesen, K.K., Behzadnia, B., Geniole, S.N., Silan, M.A., Maturan, P.L.G., Vilsmeier, J.K., Tran, U.S., Izquierdo, S.M., Mensink, M.C., Sorokowski, P., Groyecka-Bernard, A., Radtke, T., Adoric, V.C., Carpentier, J., Özdoğru, A.A., Joy-Gaba, J.A., Hedgebeth, M.V., Ishii, T., Wichman, A.L., Röer, J.P., Ostermann, T., Davis, W.E., Suter, L., Papachristopoulos, K., Zabel, C., Ebersole, C.R., Chartier, C.R., Mallik, P.R., Urry, H.L., Buchanan, E.M., Coles, N.A., Primbs, M.A., Basnight-Brown, D.M., IJzerman, H., Forscher, P.S. and Moshontz, H. (2021) A multi-country test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nature Human Behaviour, 5 . pp. 1089-1110.

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Free to read: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-021-01173-x
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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about a situation. Participants from 87 countries and regions (n = 21,644) were randomly assigned to one of two brief reappraisal interventions (reconstrual or repurposing) or one of two control conditions (active or passive). Results revealed that both reappraisal interventions (vesus both control conditions) consistently reduced negative emotions and increased positive emotions across different measures. Reconstrual and repurposing interventions had similar effects. Importantly, planned exploratory analyses indicated that reappraisal interventions did not reduce intentions to practice preventive health behaviours. The findings demonstrate the viability of creating scalable, low-cost interventions for use around the world.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education
Centre for Healthy Ageing
Health Futures Institute
Publisher: Springer Nature
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/61809
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