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Measurement of the universal gas-constant R using a spherical acoustic resonator

Moldover, M.R., Trusler, J.P.M., Edwards, T.J., Mehl, J.B. and Davis, R.S. (1988) Measurement of the universal gas-constant R using a spherical acoustic resonator. Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, 93 (2). pp. 85-144.

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Abstract

We report a new determination of the Universal Gas Constant R: (8.314 471 ±0.000 014) J·mol−1K−1. The uncertainty in the new value is 1.7 ppm (standard error), a factor of 5 smaller than the uncertainty in the best previous value. The gas constant was determined from measurements of the speed of sound in argon as a function of pressure at the temperature of the triple point of water. The speed of sound was measured with a spherical resonator whose volume was determined by weighing the mercury required to fill it at the temperature of the triple point. The molar mass of the argon was determined by comparing the speed of sound in it to the speed of sound in a standard sample of argon of accurately known chemical and isotoptic composition.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences
Publisher: National Institute of Standards and Technology
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/61780
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