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A Simple 1–1 Electrolyte: Volumetric properties of aqueous solutions of sulfuric acid at elevated temperatures

Vielma, T., Hnědkovský, L. and Hefter, G. (2021) A Simple 1–1 Electrolyte: Volumetric properties of aqueous solutions of sulfuric acid at elevated temperatures. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 66 (8). pp. 3219-3225.

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Densities of aqueous solutions of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) have been measured by vibrating tube densimetry at molalities m varying from 0.02 to 3.0 mol·kg–1, at temperatures over the range 323.15 ≤ T/K ≤ 523.15 at 10 MPa pressure. These results were used to calculate the corresponding apparent molar volumes Vϕ(H2SO4,aq) and appear to be the first-ever systematic study of the volumetric properties of this important acid at elevated temperatures. At T ≤ 373.15 K, the present results aligned well with recent literature data and with values reported in the 1926 International Critical Tables. No reliable experimental data were found for comparison at higher temperatures. The present results confirm that at lower concentrations and temperatures, sulfuric acid solutions exist as a variable mixture of H+(aq) + HSO4–(aq) + SO42–(aq). However, at higher temperatures, the degree of association increases markedly such that at T ≥ 448.15 K, sulfuric acid solutions behave like a simple 1:1 electrolyte [H+(aq) + HSO4–(aq)] even at low concentrations. The variation of Vϕ(H2SO4,aq) over the entire experimental region was well modelled using a simple Pitzer equation that specifically included (where appropriate) the effects of chemical speciation. Combination of this model with relevant literature data enabled estimation of the standard ionic volume V°(HSO4–,aq) and the standard volume change ΔrV° for the reaction H+(aq) + SO42–(aq) → HSO4–(aq) at temperatures up to 523 K.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Chemistry and Physics
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors.
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