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Student participatory role profiles in collaborative science learning: Relation of within-group configurations of role profiles and achievement

Heinimäki, O-P, Volet, S.ORCID: 0000-0001-8450-6663, Jones, C., Laakkonen, E. and Vauras, M. (2021) Student participatory role profiles in collaborative science learning: Relation of within-group configurations of role profiles and achievement. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 30 (Part A). Article 100539.

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Abstract

During collaborative learning, students tend to spontaneously enact different participatory roles that may significantly affect collaborative learning processes. Only few empirical studies to date have investigated groups as systems based on emerging roles and role profiles of the participating students, and how emerging role profile configurations affect achievement. This exploration of students' self-adopted roles investigated the relationship between role profile configurations and achievement. The statistically driven identification of role profiles was based on fine-grained observations of student groups' interactions in two distinct collaborative science-learning settings. While higher achieving groups typically exhibited versatile science-oriented role profile configurations, opinion-based configurations prevailed in lower achieving groups. Although role profiles with a social orientation were rare, a student with a distracting profile can have a significant influence on group work. Consolidated by in-depth case examples, the findings highlight the importance of understanding how collaborating groups' emergent role profiles dynamically interact during collaborative learning and how different role profile configurations relate to achievement.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Education
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2021 The Authors
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/61609
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